Psychometric Assessment of ‘The Need for Instructional Video in Bullying Among Parents’: A Newly Developed Instrument


  • Safiyyah Shaharuddin Department of Educational Studies, Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Junainah Mohd Isa Department of Educational Studies, Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Mahizer Hamzah Department of Educational Studies, Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Kalsum Mohd Isa Department of Geography and Environment, Faculty of Human Sciences, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Zahari Suppian Department of Educational Studies, Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA



psychometric assessment, bullying, parents


This study aimed to assess the underlying structure and internal consistency of the newly developed instrument, The Need for Instructional Videos on Bullying among Parents. The instrument's purpose is to identify parents' knowledge of bullying, their intervention skills, their role in bullying, need for an instructional video on bullying and adult learning (andragogy). The quantitative study includes 154 parents in Malaysia who have children in primary and secondary school. The cross-sectional survey design study was administered once and distributed virtually to parents in Malaysia. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Cronbach's alpha testing were used to assess the validity and reliability of the instrument. The extraction method used was Principal Axis Factoring with Varimax Rotation. The EFA extracted five factors with 73.01% total variance. The five factors, namely (i) knowledge about bullying: 5 items; (ii) bullying intervention skill: 6 items; (iii) parents' role: 5 items; (iv) need for instructional video: 3 items; and (v) self-learning attitude: 6 items. The internal consistency was found to be very good among the items (Cronbach's α = 0.913). The high internal consistency value shows that the instrument is reliable. The findings suggest that the measure offers good validity and reliability the instrument.  Therefore, this research contributes in a way for researchers to use the instrument to develop instructional videos on bullying for parents to gain the correct resources to prevent the bullying culture from damaging the children's development.


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How to Cite

Shaharuddin, S., Mohd Isa, N. J., Hamzah, M., Mohd Isa, N. K., & Suppian, Z. (2022). Psychometric Assessment of ‘The Need for Instructional Video in Bullying Among Parents’: A Newly Developed Instrument. Evaluation Studies in Social Sciences, 3(2), 62–75.

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