Exploration of the Complex Relationship between Women and their Environment in George Gissing's The Whirlpool

  • Mohammad Hossein Afsharzadeh Department of English Language and Literature, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN
  • Hoda Shabrang Department of English Language, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, IRAN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9721-1781
  • Newsha Ahmadi Department of English Language and Literature, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN
Keywords: Ecofeminist analysis, patriarchy, oppression, domination, women-nature relations

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between women and their environment in George Gissing's novel The Whirlpool at the height of 19th century patriarchy in London industrial society. Since George Gissing's novels are very realistic in describing and accurately describing scenes and characters, they can be a good reflection of the society of their time. The analysis of the relationship between women and nature in this article is based on the theories of Karen Warren, the great theorist of ecofeminist theory, in which she expresses the types of relationship between women and the environment and examines the oppression and dominations against them by the patriarchal system. In addition to this analysis, what was studied in this article is an examination of the solutions and strategies that women take to save themselves from the clutches of patriarchy in the industrial society of the 19th century. The result of this research was that women and the environment in Gissing’s novels are not only deeply and inextricably linked, but both are somehow suppressed and dominated by the patriarchal system. Gissing critically addresses this oppression in his novel and questions it. He also shows that the main burden of saving nature from this oppression and domination that is the result of the industrialization of society at that time is on women.

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Author Biographies

Mohammad Hossein Afsharzadeh, Department of English Language and Literature, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN

B.A. in English literature from Kharazmi University of Tehran in 1392. He has studied English literature in Islamic Azad University Tehran North branch since 1395. His thesis was about ecofeminism and 19th century English novels. He works as an English and Persian literature teacher in different schools and academies. 

Hoda Shabrang, Department of English Language, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, IRAN

Dr. Hoda Shabrang is assistant professor of English Language and Literature at Khatam University since 2015. She received her PhD from University Putra Malaysia. She is the author of several academic books about English Language and Literature. She has also lectured on English for Cinema, Communication, TV and Media studies. She has been a member of Young Researchers Club and has worked with the Iranian Academy of Art. This contribution led to an encyclopedic bilingual book entitled About Iranian Cinema in five volumes, centering on books, articles, thesis and dissertations written about the Iranian cinema. She is the author of several articles, papers, essays and reviews that have been published nationally and internationally on literary texts and movies.

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Published
2022-06-27
How to Cite
Afsharzadeh, M. H., Shabrang, H., & Ahmadi, N. (2022). Exploration of the Complex Relationship between Women and their Environment in George Gissing’s The Whirlpool. AJELP: Asian Journal of English Language and Pedagogy, 10(1), 68-78. https://doi.org/10.37134/ajelp.vol10.1.6.2022