Integrating Equality into Language Classrooms in Indonesia and Vietnam


  • Hendi Pratama Faculty of Languages and Arts Universitas Negeri Semarang, INDONESIA
  • Nguyen Huy Cuong Vietnam National University, VIETNAM
  • Zulfa Sakhiyya Universitas Negeri Semarang, INDONESIA
  • Imas Istiani Universitas Negeri Semarang, INDONESIA



equality, equity, anti-discrimination, debate, language learning


Recently, social problems and conflicts have risen in Indonesia due to the lack of people's understanding of equality values. Rare studies on equality and minority rights demand immediate awareness and implementation in society. Therefore, this study demonstrates the integration of equality awareness into debate activities in Indonesia and Vietnam. The participants were 104 students from an Indonesian state university and 19 students from a Vietnamese national university. Tolerance indexes toward the minority groups were measured at the pre-treatment phase in Indonesia (2.58 of 5.00) and Vietnam (3.09 of 5.00). Treatments were implemented to improve the tolerance index by integrating an equality module with class debate activity. The finding showed that the tolerance index increased; Indonesian was 3.08 while Vietnamese was 3.40 in the post-treatment phase. However, some sub-items did not undergo significant changes. In Indonesia, tolerance toward minority religious groups was 2.92 on pretest and 2.96 on post-test, disability group from 3.34 to 3.33, and gender from 2.75 to 2.76. Meanwhile, Vietnamese participants' tolerance towards the poverty group persisted with 2.47 on the pretest and 2.50 on the post-test. The efficacy of the model integration deserves proliferation on a larger scale.


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How to Cite

Pratama, H., Huy Cuong, N., Sakhiyya, Z., & Istiani, I. (2022). Integrating Equality into Language Classrooms in Indonesia and Vietnam. AJELP: Asian Journal of English Language and Pedagogy, 10(1), 14–28.