Adapting Education Shifts in Malaysia After COVID-19: A Comprehensive Review of Flexible Assessments, Lifelong Learning Initiatives, and Diversified Learning Trajectories


  • Mansour Amini School of Languages, Literature and Translations, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Latha Ravindran Faculty of Education, Languages, Psychology and Music, SEGi University, Malaysia
  • Kam-Fong Lee Faculty of Education, Languages, Psychology and Music, SEGi University, Malaysia



Education Transformation, Flexible Assessments, Impact, Lifelong Learning, Post-COVID-19, Malaysia


In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, Malaysia's education system has witnessed a significant transformation, prompting a shift towards lifelong learning and greater flexibility in learning assessments. A comprehensive analysis was conducted on 86 relevant studies conducted between 2013 and 2023 to provide an overview of important advancements and patterns in the areas of education transformation in Malaysia, flexible assessments, and lifelong learning. The reviewed journals were chosen from peer-reviewed scientific journals, books, conference proceedings, and renowned internet databases such as JSTOR, Google Scholar, and the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). Articles that were not authored in English or were published outside the specified timeline and criteria were excluded. The findings indicate a significant focus on the implementation of online and mixed learning, with a focus given to digital platforms and micro-credentialing. The important contributions of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) efforts and collaborative ventures with industry and communities have also been identified as beneficial. The importance of teacher training and continuous professional development was emphasized for its pivotal role in promoting lifelong learning. The review confirms that these instructional changes have a positive effect on student engagement and the alignment of skills with real-world requirements especially the professional settings. These initiatives serve as a significant benchmark for other nations grappling with educational issues in the aftermath of COVID-19, establishing Malaysia as a frontrunner in pioneering educational practices.


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How to Cite

Amini, M., Ravindran, L., & Lee, K.-F. (2024). Adapting Education Shifts in Malaysia After COVID-19: A Comprehensive Review of Flexible Assessments, Lifelong Learning Initiatives, and Diversified Learning Trajectories. Asian Journal of Assessment in Teaching and Learning, 14(1), 1–14.