The Need for Competencies Required by Vocational and Technical Educators for Quality of Job Performance in Technical Vocational Education


  • Agbonsalo Irenegbe Izekor Business Education Programme, Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Faculty of Education University of Benin, Benin City
  • Joy Ibhade Ojeaga Business Education Programme, Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Faculty of Education University of Benin. Benin City



Competencies, Vocational and Technical Educators, Job Performance, Pedagogical Competence, Problem-Solving Competence, Internet Networking Competence


The study investigated vocational educators’ competencies required for job performance. Four questions gave credence to the study, and one reasonable guess. A descriptive survey design was adopted. A population of 127 vocational and technical educators’ participated in the study. Cronbach alpha technique was used for reliability coefficients of 0.84. The questionnaire was validated by three experts. Mean and standard deviation answered the research questions, while a t-test was used for the hypothesis at an alpha level of 5 percent. The finding revealed that vocational and technical educators require pedagogical, problem solving, and internet networking competencies to a very high extent  for their job performance, and vocational and technical educators’ competencies were not influenced by gender. As such, the null hypothesis was rejected. It was therefore recommended that pedagogical, problem-solving and internet networking competencies contained in this study be embedded in vocational and  technical education curriculum, as they are very critical for job performance in today’s digitalized  and  competitive  economy.


Download data is not yet available.


Adaku, N. A. (2013). Real-life problem solving skills required from office managers in the labour market. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(5), 169-176.

Ademola, T. K. (2014). Paradigm shift in knowledge driven economy towards new technologies: Implications to business education curriculum in tertiary institutions. Business Education Journal, 2(1), 209-220.

Akhyak, I. M., & Bakar, Y. A. (2013). Implementation of teachers’ pedagogy competence to optimizing learners’ development in public primary Schools in Indonesia. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(9),1-10.

Bhargava, R., & Anbazhagen, S. (2014). Influence of age on performance. Journal of Business & Management (IOSR-JBM), 6(5), 97- 103.

British Council (2017). What skills do modern vocational teachers need? Retrieved from

Campbell, J. (1990). Modeling the performance prediction problem in industrial and organizational psychology. In M. Dunnette & L. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (pp. 686–707). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Dumbiri, D. N., & Nwadiani, C. O. (2020). Challenges Facing Application of E-learning Facilities in Vocational and Technical Education Program in South Nigeria Universities. Asian Journal of Vocational Education And Humanities, 1(2), 1-8.

Federer, L. (2018). Defining data librarianship: a survey of competencies, skills, and training. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 106(3), 294.

Emeasoba, N.C., & Ezenwafor, J.I. (2014). Assessment of computer operation and networking competencies possessed by office technology and management lecturers in tertiary institutions in Anambra and Enugu States Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 5(7), 1-5.

Esene, R. A. (2012). Perception of Professional OTM Educators, General Educators. International Journal of Management Technology, 3(1), 69-80.

Ezenwafor, J. I., & Olaniyi, O. N. (2017). Rating skills needed by business education graduates for entrepreneurial development in South-West, Nigeria. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Development, Education and Science Research, 4(1), 165-179.

Fadilla, P. F., Abdullah, S. M., & Wu, M. (2020). Does conformity occur during students’ decision making for their careers?. Asian Journal of Assessment in Teaching and Learning, 10(1), 1-9.

Federal Bueau of Statistics. (2018). Fourth quarter Economic Review. Retrieved on 21st December 2018, from

Harrison, G. M., Egunsola, A. E., & Oguntunde, G. A. (2020). Evaluation of farming skills acquisition programme of Adamawa State Government, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Vocational Education and Humanities, 1(1), 1-7.

Jim, E. U., & Okafor, E. C. (2015). Cash management and profit planning strategies of entrepreneurs in developing economy. International Journal of Advancement in Management Science. 5(1), 102-104.

Karnan, K., & Marimuthu, K. (2021). Gaya kepimpinan kolaboratif pengetua dan tahap kepuasan kerja guru sekolah menengah kebangsaan [Principal collaborative leadership style and level of job satisfaction of national secondary school teachers] . Muallim Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(2), 191-207.

Kolmar, M., & Rommeswinkel, H. (2020). Group size and group success in conflicts. Social Choice and Welfare, 55, 777-822.

Lehto, A., Kairisto, M., & Liisa, P. T., (2011). Towards innovation pedagogy: A new learning for university of applied sciences. Reports from Turku University of Applied Sciences.

McCain, T. (2005). Teaching for tomorrow: Teaching content and problem-solving skills. California: Corwin Press.

Miller, D. (2020). Social networking sites. In Digital anthropology (pp. 146-161). England: Routledge.

Miron, C. (2012). Long-term unemployment and the employability gap: Priority for renewing Britain’s new deal. Journal of European Industrial Training, 26(9), 411-419.

Motowidlo, S. J., & Peterson, N. G. (2008). Effects of organizational perspective on implicit trait policies about correctional officers’ job performance. Human Performance, 21, 296–413.

Muhammad Baba Gusau, N., & Mohamad, M. M. (2020). Problem Solving Skills based on IDEAL Model in Implementing Undergraduate Final Year Project. Journal of Technology and Humanities, 1(1), 26-33.

Ekoh, A.C. (2016). Traditional pedagogy to innovative pedagogy in business education: A challenge to business educators. Nigerian Journal of Business Education, 3(2), 133-144.

Nurtanto, M., Kholifah, N., Masek, A., Sudira, P., & Samsudin, A. (2021). Crucial Problems in Arranged the Lesson Plan of Vocational Teacher. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 10(1), 345-354.

Ofili, G. O., & Idris, A. N. (2017). Information and communication technology skills possessed by vocational and technical education students for self-sustenance in Edo State. Int. Journal of Engineering, 6(5), 100-112.

Opayemi, A. S., & Oyesola, T. M. (2013). Selection interview, selection test and employee performance, Academic Journals of Public Administration and Policy Research, 5 (4), 95-101.

Oviawe, J. I., Mat Nashir, I., & Azman, M. N. A. (2021). Technical Education Lecturers’ Knowledge of Students’ Engagement in Application of Interactive Instructional Strategies. Journal of Technology and Humanities, 2(1), 1-8.

Puspita, D. A., Muchlas, M., & Kuat, T. (2020). The Implementation of Teaching Factory to Improve Student Interest in Entrepreneurship at Multimedia Competencies. Journal of Technology and Humanities, 1(2), 42-50.

Rich, B. L., Lepine, J. A., & Crawford, E. R. (2010). Job engagement: Antecedents and effects on job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 53(3), 617-635.

Sahana, V. K. A. (2015). Assessing the pedagogical competencies of affiliated B-school faculty members using principal component analysis. International Journal of Commerce, Business & Management (IJCBM), 4, 1150-1156.

Said, A. (2018). Vocational teaching-learning through the eyes of undergraduate vocational students in Malta: A qualitative exploratory study. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training , 5(1), 42-63.

Salaria, N. (2012). Meaning of the term descriptive survey research method. International Journal of Transformations in Business Management, 1(6), 1-7.

Suciu, A. I., & Mata, L. (2011). Pedagogical competences–the key to efficient education. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 411-423.

Tolentino, R. C. (2013). Organizational commitment and job performance of the academic and administrative personnel. International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management, 15(1), 51-59.

Umoru, T. A., & Shaibu, Y. (2018). Teacher competencies and instructional strategies utilization for skill acquisition of business education students in Nigeria. Asian Education Studies, 3(3), 18-26.

Weldon, P. (2018). Early career teacher attrition in Australia: Evidence, definition, classification and measurement. Australian Journal of Education, 62(1), 61-78.




How to Cite

Izekor, A. I., & Ojeaga, J. I. (2021). The Need for Competencies Required by Vocational and Technical Educators for Quality of Job Performance in Technical Vocational Education. Asian Journal of Assessment in Teaching and Learning, 11(2), 14–23.