Meta-Analysis Study: Implementation of Rapport Element in Mathematics Education

Kajian Meta Analisis: Penerapan Elemen Membina Hubungan dalam Pendidikan Matematik


  • Mohamad Nurizwan Jumiran Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Rohaidah Masri Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Mazlini Adnan Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Norhaiza Tahir SK Tengku Mariam, Batu Pahat, Johor, MALAYSIA



rapport element, mathematics education, teaching and learning


Rapport is one of the elements that can be implemented among the students which aims to help them in enhancing their motivation and achievement during their conducted lessons in mathematics. Furthermore, it is needed to analyse critically and synthesize the trend of research and the method used in researching before implementing the rapport element in mathematics subjects in Malaysia. This research has analysed upon four articles related to implementation of rapport element which have been randomly picked from other researchers in Malaysia within a timeframe of 2016 to 2021. The results found that most of the previous researchers tend to choose the quantitative research method which adapted surveys design on collecting data over their research. The samples involved secondary school and high-level education students. Based on the 4 articles that were selected, it was found that there was a study on the effectiveness of the rapport elements in the process of teaching and learning as well as studies related to the significant relationship between the rapport element and other variables such as attitude, parents’ involvement and peers’ supports and also mathematics performance amounting to three researches. Overall, the research conducted by Malaysian researchers proved that the rapport element is suitable to be implemented among the students that help to result in better achievement besides providing motivational support for them. The rapport element will also help the students to have a better experience of learning mathematics in class.


Download data is not yet available.


Abderrahim Benlahcene. (2020). Flourishing and student engagement in Malaysian university students: The mediating role of Personal Best (PB) Goals. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher.

Abdul Rasid Jamian & Nurfatin Nabihah Baharom. (2018). Kesan penggunaan teknik KWLH dalam kemahiran membaca kalangan murid sekolah jenis kebangsaan Cina. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Melayu, 8(2), 48-56.

Ab. Rahman, R., Ahmad, S., & Hashim, U.R. (2018). The effectiveness of gamification technique for higher education students engagement in polytehhnic Muadzam Shah Pahang, Malaysia. International Journal of educational Technology in Hgher Education, 15(41), 1-16.

Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, Aida Suraya Md Yunus, Rosnaini Mahmud, Nur Raidah Salim & Tajularipin Sulaiman (2017). Differences in students mathematic engagement between gender and between rural and urban school. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1795, 020025, 1-7.

Bond, M., Buntins, K., Bedenlier, S., Zawacki-Richter, O. & Kerres, M. (2020). Mapping research in student engagement and educational technology in higher education: A systematic evidence map. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(20), 1-30.

Chantell, H. W. (2015). Increasing student engagement in the secondary math classroom. [Master Thesis, Louisiana State University]. LSU Digital commons.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2018). Research methods in education (8th ed). Routledge.

Eccles, J. (2016). Engagement: where to next? Learning and instruction, 43, 71-75.

Fredricks, J. A., Filsecker, M., & Lawson, M. A. (2016). Student engagement, context, and adjustment: Addressing definitional, measurement, and methodological issues. Learning and Instruction, 43, 1-4.

Fung, F., Cheng, Y.T., & Gaowei, C. (2018). Student engagement and mathematics achievement: Unravelling main and interactive effects. Psychology in the School 2018, 55(4). DOI: 10.1002/pits.22139

Gray, J. A. & DiLoreto, M. (2016). The effects of student engagement, student satisfaction, and perceived learning in online learning environment. NCPEA International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 11(1). Retrieved from

Gullapyan, T. (2020). Best teaching practices to increase student interest in STEM subjects. [Doctoral Dissertation, Pepperdine University]. ProQuest Dissertation Publishing. (Publication No. 27994971) Retrieved from

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2016). Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia (2013-2025). Retrieved from

Krauss, S. E., Kornbluh, M., & Zeldin, S. (2017). Community predictors of school engagement: The role of families and youth-adult partnership in Malaysia. Children and Youth Services Review, 73, 328-337

Lee, W., Lee, M.-J., & Bong, M. (2014). Testing interest and self-efficacy as predictors of academic self- regulation and achievement. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 39(1), 86–99.

Mohammed Iman Karim & Harris Shah Abd Hamid. (2016). Factor structure of the student engagement instrument among Malaysian undergraduates. Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 30(2), 1-12.

Muhammad Abd Hadi, B. (2015). Pendidikan STEM bersepadu: Perspektif global, perkembangan semasa di Malaysia, dan langkah ke hadapan. Buletin Persatuan Pendidikan Sains dan Matematik Johor, 25(1), 1-6.

Muhammad Ridhuan Tony Lim Abdullah. (2014). Development of activity-based mlearning implementation model for undergraduate english language learning. [Unpublished PhD Thesis, Universiti Malaya]. Universiti Malaya. Dicapai daripada

Nur Raidah Salim & Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub. (2017). Relationship between mathematics statistics engagement and behaviours towards statistics among undergraduates students in Malaysia. AIP Conference Proceedings 1795, 020026, 1-6.

Nurulrabihah Mat Noh. (2020). Pembangunan model pengajaran pemikiran reka bentuk sekolah rendah. [Unpublished PhD Thesis, Universiti Malaya]. Universiti Malaya.

Norakusuma Mohd Din, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub & Rohani Ahmad Tarmizi. (2016). Influence of parental involvement and peer support on mathematics engagement among malaysian secondary school students. Malaysian Journal of Mathematics Sciences, 10S, 175-185.

Nora’asikin Abu Bakar, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, Nor Aniza Ahmad, & Sharifah Intan Sharina Syed Abdullah. (2021). Mathematics engagement: The relationship between student engagement, parental involvement, and peer influence. International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social Sciences, 11(5), 496-513.

Shahril Effendi Ibrahim & Mohamad Afzhan Khan Mohamad Khalil. (2019). Students engagement in Open University Malaysia Graduate Centre (OUM GC): Does information seeking behaviour plays a role? International Conference of Education, 458-466.

Subramainan, L., & Mahmoud, M.A. (2020). A systematic review on student’ engagement in classroom: Indicators, challenges and computational techniques. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(1), 1-11.

UNESCO. (2015). Education for all 2000-2015: Achievements and challenges. EFA Global Monitoring Report 2015. Paris, France. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization.

Watt, H.M.G., Caemichael, C., & Callingham, R. (2017). Students’ engagement profiles in mathematics according to learning environment dimensions: Developing an evidence base for best practices in mathematics education. School Psychology International, 38(2), 166-184.

Webster, J., & Watson, R. T. (2002). Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing a literature review. MIS Quarterly, 26(2), xiii–xxiii.




How to Cite

Jumiran, M. N., Masri, R., Adnan, M., & Tahir, N. (2022). Meta-Analysis Study: Implementation of Rapport Element in Mathematics Education: Kajian Meta Analisis: Penerapan Elemen Membina Hubungan dalam Pendidikan Matematik. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 10, 12–20.




Most read articles by the same author(s)