Smart Classroom: A development of electrical control system with Internet of Things


  • Abu Bakar Ibrahim Faculty of Computing and Meta-Technology, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Nursyahirah Shamsudin Faculty of Computing and Meta-Technology, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mad Helmi Ab. Majid Faculty of Computing and Meta-Technology, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia
  • Sumayyah Dzulkifly Faculty of Computing and Meta-Technology, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia
  • Yusri Abdullah Faculty of Computing and Meta-Technology, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Ikhsan Setiawan Department of Civil Engineering, Narotama University, Surabaya, Indonesia.



IoT, Arduino, electrical system, smart classroom


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a dynamic breakthrough that has a huge impact on today's world and has the potential to simplify human life. The potential application of IoT is limitless, and it has been implemented in various industries, including medicine, engineering, computer science, space and technology, automotive, and more. This paper aims to develop a smart classroom electrical control system using IoT technology to regulate the classroom's electrical system and monitor student occupancy. This study chose to use the Rapid Application Development (RAD) method to develop the proposed system for reducing the waste of electricity resources in a classroom. The objectives of this research include identifying the main problems related to the waste of electricity in the classroom, developing an electronic project using IoT, and testing the functionality of the electronic project. The development of the proposed electrical control system uses Arduino and Infrared (IR) sensors. The IR sensors are used to detect the presence of students either entering or leaving the classroom. When human presence in the classroom is detected, lights and fans will automatically turn on. The approach benefits users by enabling a comprehensive understanding of the system through interactive evaluation, bringing it closer to meeting the requirements intended for this study.


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How to Cite

Ibrahim, A. B., Shamsudin, N., Ab. Majid, M. H., Dzulkifly, S., Abdullah, Y., & Setiawan, M. I. (2024). Smart Classroom: A development of electrical control system with Internet of Things. Journal of ICT in Education, 11(1), 103–114.

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