Comparing the kindergarten curriculum framework of the Philippines and Malaysia


  • Leticia N. Aquino Philippine Normal University, North Luzon, Philippines
  • Nordin Mamat Sultan Idris Education University
  • Mazlina Che Mustafa Sultan Idris Education University



Early childhood education, Kindergarten Curriculum, Learning domains, Teaching approaches, Teaching-learning process


The Philippines and Malaysia are members of ASEAN who respond to the challenge of EFA goals and Work Plan on Education 2016-2020, particularly on Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 4.2: “By 2030 ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education.” In response to this, the Philippines Department of Education (DepEd) through its K-12 Program, has made Kindergarten Education mandatory in the Basic Education Curriculum which paves way to the formulation of the new Kindergarten Curriculum Framework. On the other hand, the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Malaysia has also come up with its revised Kurikulum Standard Prasekolah Kebangsaan or National Preschool Standard Curriculum (NPSC) to meet new policy demands under the 2013-2025 Malaysia Education Development Plan (PPPM) and current needs. This paper takes cognizance on the role of curriculum as one of the significant components of the Kinder program as it compares the National Curriculum Standards of the two countries for the Kindergarten program with the aim to look into its developmentally appropriate curriculum features for better child growth, learning and development. Using Documentary analysis and NVivo, themes are identified and categorized from the interview and FGD of the kindergarten teachers, parents and principals from the selected government kindergarten school-respondents. Consequently, this study reveals some points of similarity and difference on kindergarten learning domains, teaching-learning processes, and issues in the current implementation of the Kindergarten program. The paper recommends that action be taken by the different program stakeholders in order to address quality delivery of the Kindergarten program.


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How to Cite

Aquino, L. N., Mamat, N., & Che Mustafa, M. (2017). Comparing the kindergarten curriculum framework of the Philippines and Malaysia. Southeast Asia Early Childhood Journal, 6, 27–40.

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