Mengkabong, North Borneo in The Eighteenth Century

Mengkabong, Borneo Utara pada Abad Ke-18


  • Yusry Sulaiman Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities. University Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mosli Tarsat Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities. University Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Rizal Zamani Idris Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities. University Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohd Firdaus Abdullah Center for the Study of History, Politics and International Affairs, Faculty Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia



Mengkabong, Raja Tua, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin I, Dusun Lotud, Bajau


This article aims to offer a glimpse into Mengkabong's history in the eighteenth century. The goal is to focus on the history of Mengkabong through anecdotes obtained from the natives. Mengkabong is historically notable since it served as the major naval base during the reign of Sultan Omar Ali Saifudin I. Furthermore, the discussions offer some light on two major groups of people in Mengkabong (Dusun Lotud and Bajau) as well as Raja Tua's role. During the eighteenth century, the title Raja Tua referred to the representative of the Sultanates of Brunei who held the highest administrative position in Mengkabong. Apart from the military, he was also in charge of the administration and welfare of the society. The data collected was from the primary and secondary sources. The discussions presented here are also based on fieldwork at derelict tombs and ancient forts in Mengkabong, as well as oral history and interviews. The study is essential in understanding North Borneo's early history before the arrival of western powers. Finally, this article provides some insight into the history of Mengkabong in the early history of Sabah.


Download data is not yet available.


Black, I. D. (1968). The ending of Brunei Rule in Sabah 1878-1902. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 41(2 (214)), 176–192.

Bock, C. 1985. The Headhunters of Borneo, Oxford Universities Press.

C.O 874/54 Grant by Sultan of Brunei of Territory the Sulaman River to the River of Paitan, 29 Disember 1877.

C.O 874/54, Grant of Mengkabong 20th Mac 1898.

C.O 874/54, Menggatal, Mengkabong, Api-Api, Simbulan, Nafas dan Tambalang River, 23 Mac 1898.

C.O 874/54, Perjanjian hak kedaulatan Membakut, Api-Api, Kuala Lama, Inanam, Menggatal dan Mengkabong 23rd Mac 1898.

C.O 874/55 Status Pemajakan Sungai Mengkabong, Karambunai, Kabatuan, Napas dan Simbulan.

Forrest, T. 1776. A Voyage to New Guinea and the Moluccas from Balambangan: Including an Account of Magindanao, Sooloo and Other Island, London: G.Scott.

Gerlich, B. M. 2003. Marudu 1845: The Destruction and Reconstruction of a Coastal State in Borneo, Abera.

Haji Hasbol bin Haji Mail. 2011. Kesultanan Brunei Abd ke-19, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka: Brunei Darusalam.

John, S. S. 1862. Life in the forest of the Far East Vol. I, Smith, Elder and CO Ismail Ali. 2010. Viking Timur di Kepulauan, UMS: KK.

Pehin Jamil Al Sufri.1999. Pengiran Temangong Raja Tua Abdul Momin Amirul Faza, PUSAKA, 9.Publication: Kota Kinabalu.

Rutter, Owen. 2008. British North Borneo, Opus Publication: Kota Kinabalu.

Shim, P.S. 2007. In Land people of Sabah, Borneo Cultural Heritage; Kota Kinabalu

Phelan, P.2001. The Head Hunting and the Magang Ceremony in Sabah, Opus Publication: Kota Kinabalu.

Sidek, F., & Bala, B. (2022). Mengkabong dalam pensejarahan: Mengkabong in History . Jurnal Borneo Arkhailogia (Heritage, Archaeology and History), 7(1), 36–51.

Singh, Ranjit. 2011. The Making of Sabah, Bahagian Kabinet dan Dasar: Kota Kinabalu.

Tregonning, H. G. (1970). The Philippine Claim To Sabah. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 43(1 (217)), 161–170.

Warren, J. F. 2002. Iranun and Balangingi, National University of Singapore Press: Singapore.

Warren, J. F. 2007. The Sulu Zone, National University of Singapore Press: Singapore


A Map British North Borneo.,0.197,0.111,0.044,0 Source accessed on 24/9/2022.


Yusry Sulaiman (Interviewer). 2021. Dawi (Lawah) Bin Utuh, 88 years old, (Interviewee). 15 December 2021.

Yusry Sulaiman (Interviewer). 2022. Salleh Bin Mamun, 58 years old, (Interviewee). 20 March 2022.

Yusry Sulaiman (Interviewer). 2022. Maskan Bin Hj. Rasta, 58 years old, (Interviewee). 20 March, 2022.

Yusry Sulaiman (Interviewer). 2022. Sahar Bin Hj. Piassin, 62 years old, (Interviewee). 18 January 2022.

Yusry Sulaiman (Interviewer). 2022. Awang Zulkifli bin Nawawi, 61 years old. (Interviewee). 16 February 2022.

Yusry Sulaiman (Field Study). 2022. 29 January 2022. Senorob, Belud Belanga and Pulo Dallas.




How to Cite

Sulaiman, Y., Tarsat, M., Idris, R. Z., & Abdullah, M. F. (2023). Mengkabong, North Borneo in The Eighteenth Century: Mengkabong, Borneo Utara pada Abad Ke-18. Munsyi Jurnal Pengajian Sejarah, 1(1), 1–11.