Implementation of "Spindle Box" Activity in Improving the Understanding of Additional Operations for 4 Year Old Children

Pelaksanaan aktiviti “Spindle Box” dalam Meningkatkan Kefahaman Operasi Tambah Terhadap Kanak-kanak 4 Tahun

  • Elizebert James Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Nordin Mamat Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Mashitah binti Mohd Radzi Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Spindle Box activity, Addition operation concept, action research

Abstract

This study aims to explore the best methods in learning against the problems encountered in the field of Early Developmental Mathematics and Logical Thinking learning. This study aims to increase students' understanding of the concepts of addition operations through the implementation of Spindle Box activities among TASKA students. The target group selected in this action research is two students by age 4 -year -old students from TASKA located in Hulu Bernam district, Hulu Selangor. Researchers found that the problem faced by two students during the teaching and learning sessions was, the students found it difficult to understand the concept of addition operation and could not solve the addition operation question given. The objective of this action research is to increase students' mastery of the concept of addition operations through the Spindle Box activity and to guide students to state the addition result for two sets of objects at least in the range of 10.  Researchers chose Action Research using qualitative methods as the design in carrying out this study. The method used in this study is the Spindle Box activity to count the number of ice cream sticks and solve the addition operation question using that activity as well. Methods of data collection obtained observations such as pictures, student worksheets, and checklists as well as document analysis. Researchers have analyzed the data using Microsoft Word software. The implementation of this study is done through four phases, namely planning, acting, implementing, and reflecting. The findings of the studies prove that i) Spindle Box activities and ii) teaching aids can increase students' understanding of the concept of addition operations. Reflections on the study show that the implementation of Spindle Box activities can help students to understand the concept of addition operations more easily, can attract interest and influence the learning nature of students.

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Published
2022-06-28
How to Cite
James, E., Mamat, N., & Mohd Radzi, N. M. (2022). Implementation of "Spindle Box" Activity in Improving the Understanding of Additional Operations for 4 Year Old Children. Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI, 15, 117-133. https://doi.org/10.37134/bitara.vol15.sp.12.2022