Implementation of Banana Circle Based on Steam Project Approach in Increasing Socioemotional Development among Preschool Pupils
Pelaksanaan Banana Circle berasaskan Pendekatan Steam Projek dalam meningkatkan Perkembangan Sosioemosi Murid Prasekolah
Banana Circle is a teaching using the STEAM project approach. This approach needs to be applied by teachers for the successful implementation of 21st-century education. However, teachers in preschool have difficulty implementing STEAM teaching as there are no clear guidelines on the implementation of STEAM teaching. So, the implementation of the Banana Circle in this study is to identify it as an effective STEAM teaching and at the same time to improve the socioemotional development among preschool pupils. The implementation of Banana Circle involves nineteen pupils aged four, five, and six years old. Data collected through structured observations during the three-step STEAM teaching project (1) STEAM Language Conversations, (2) Finding STEAM anywhere, and (3) STEAM Future. The findings were obtained in quantitative analysis using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 22.0 to get the mean and standard deviation values. Research findings showed that six-year- olds had higher socioemotional development in terms of emotional maturity and cooperation. Results showed five-year-olds are dominant in the accountability aspect while four-year-olds are more dominant in self-reliance, courage, and friendship. The conclusion, Banana Circle can improve the socioemotional development of preschoolers.
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