Opportunities and Challenges in Tertiary Education in the Era of Society 5.0 in the Malaysian Higher Education Context
Peluang Dan Cabaran Pendidikan Tinggi Di Era Society 5.0 Dalam Konteks Pendidikan Tinggi Di Malaysia
Keywords:Tertiary education, Opportunities, Challenges, Society 5.0
The requirement to provide tertiary education in Malaysia in the future specifically in order to face the era of Society 5.0 is of utmost importance and aligned with the nation’s growth. With that in mind, the discussion in this paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges in facing the era of Society 5.0. The data sources were related articles, books and e-books. The data was analysed based on the study objectives and themes by using critical discourse analysis. The findings showed that there were five opportunities and challenges which should be handled at the tertiary education level. One of the opportunities in Society 5.0 would be the creation of fields of study based on Society 5.0, career and curriculum opportunities, the generation of gig economies and the further empowerment of lifelong learning. The main challenges would include graduate quality and competence, identity crisis, the democratization of education and technological infrastructure. The role of organisational leadership would also be discussed to manage and face Society 5.0 especially when it involves four management functions in the organisation. The implication of this paper would be to provide input and recommendations to manage Society 5.0 in Malaysia especially in the field of tertiary education.
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