Evaluation of Physiochemical, Nutritional, Sensorial, and Microbiological Properties of Juice Blends Produced from Parkia biglobosa Pulp and Ixora coccinea Fruits


  • Onukogu Stella Chiamaka Biotechnology Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja Nigeria
  • Ogunniyi Damilola Ebenezer Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin Kwara State Nigeria




juice blends, Parkia biglobosa, Ixora coccinea, nutritional and sensory


This study was carried out to determine the physicochemical, proximate, microbial, and sensory properties of juice blends made from Parkia biglobosa pulp and Ixora coccinea fruit. The P. biglobosa pulps and I. coccinea fruits were blended in different ratios of sample A (100% P. bigblosa pulp), sample B (100% I. coccinea fruit), sample C (50% P. bigblosa pulp; 50% I. coccinea fruit), sample D (30% P. bigblosa pulp; 70% I. coccinea fruit), E (70% P. bigblosa pulp; 30% I. coccinea fruit). The physicochemical parameters assessed include pH, titratable acidity, and vitamin C content. The proximate, sensory, and microbiological properties of the juice blends were also evaluated. The proximate analysis of the juice blend samples revealed that samples C, D, and E had higher moisture, carbohydrate, protein, and fat content compared to samples A and B. The phytochemical analysis showed the presence of saponins, tannins, phenols, flavonoids, coumarins, steroids, glycosides, terpenoids, and alkaloids in the juice blends. The flavonoid and phenol content was found to be highest in sample E. The samples containing mixed juice blends (C, D, and E) had the highest vitamin C content. The microbial analysis of the juice blends showed no viable microbial counts in the samples. The sensory evaluation of the juice blends revealed that sample E, which contains the mixed blends, had the highest acceptability in terms of color, taste, texture, and aroma. This study revealed that the mixed blends of P. biglobosa pulp and I. coccinea fruit have improved nutritional and sensory acceptability, which could serve as potentially useful materials in the production of beverages.


Download data is not yet available.


Adeniyi MI, Aberuagba F, Adeniyi OD. (2010). Production and preservation of fruit juice from African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa). AU Journal of Technology, 14(2), 111-118.

Ajuru MJ, Williams LF, Ajuru G. (2017). Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical screening of some plants used in ethnomedicine in the Niger Delta regions of Nigeria. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5(5), 198-205

Akusu OM, Kiin-Kabari DB, Ebere CO. (2016). Quality characteristics of orange/pineapple fruit juice blends. American Journal of Food Science and Technology, 4(2), 43-47.

Al-Ani M, Umezurike OL, Al-Bahri D, Al-Rahbi M. (2007). Spectrophotometric quantification of ascorbic acid contents of fruits and vegetables using 2,4-dintrophenylhydrazine method. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 5(3):4- 16

Aleem S, Ramkete PW. (2017). Studies on microbiological analysis of street vended fresh fruit juice and their comparison with the processed juices. Plant Archives, 17(2), 1311-1318

Alinde O, Esterhuyse A, Oguntibeju O. (2014). Potential role of Parkia biglobosa in the management and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In (Ed.) Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health.

Anisha D, Gnanavel G. (2020). A review on Ixora coccinea: Traditional uses, phytochemical and pharmacological studies. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 13, 18-25

Arinola SO, Oje OJ, Omowaye-Taiwo OA. (2019). Evaluation of physiochemical properties and phytochemical composition of African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) pulp. Applied Tropical Agriculture, 24(1), 64-69.

Association of Official Analytical Chemist- AOAC (2019). Official methods of analysis of the association of official analytical chemists, 17th Ed., Washington.

Banwo GO, Abdullahi I, Duguryil M. (2004). The antimicrobial activity of the stem bark of Parkia clappertoniana Keay family Leguminosae against selected microorganisms. Nigeria Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 3(1), 16-22.

Bawa-Allah KA, Akinnuoye BO. (2019). Acute toxicity and adverse effects of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Parkia biglobosa pods on biochemical parameters of Clarias gariepinus. African Journal of Aquatic Science, 44(1), 89-95.

Bernhoft A. (2010). A brief review. In: Bernhoft A. Bioactive compounds in plants-benefits and risks for man and animals, The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, Norway.

Bhavana R, Midhila B. Binu T. (2018). Comparative assessment of antioxidant vitamin C, total phenolic and flavonoids of selected commercial underutilized fruits. Journal of Pharmaceutical Advance Research, 1(7), 14-18

Bot MH, Bawa GS, Abeke FO. (2013). Replacement value of maize with African Locust Beans (Parkia biglobosa) pulp meal on performance, haematological and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 15(1), 56-65

Builders MI. (2014). Parkia biglobosa (African Locust Bean Tree). World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 3(2), 1672-1682.

Burlando B, Palmero S, Cornara L. (2019). Nutritional and medicinal properties of underexploited legume trees from West Africa. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 59(1), 178-188.

Dhandevi PEM, Rajesh J. (2015). Fruits and vegetables intake: Benefits and progress of Nutrition Education intervention-narrative review article. Iran Journal of Public Health, 44(10), 1309-1321.

Elumalai A, Chinna E, Yetcharla V, Burle SK, Chava N. (2012). Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ixora coccinea. International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 3(3), 1563-1567.

Erakhrumen AA, Ogunsanwo OY. (2010). Assessment of some other traditional uses of accepted agroforestry fuelwood species in Akinyele and Ido local government areas, Oyo state, Nigeria. International Journal of Social Forestry, 3(1), 49-65.

Femi-Ola TO, Ajibade VA, Afolabi A. (2008). Chemical composition and termicidal properties of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) Benth. Journal of Biological Science, 8(2), 494-497.

Hall JB, Tomlinson HF, Oni PI, Buchy M, Aebischer DP. (1997). Parkia biglobosa: a monograph. Bangor, United Kingdom: School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Wales.

Hassan LG, Umar KJ. (2005). Protein and amino acids composition of locust bean (Parkia biglobosa). Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystem, 5, 45-50.

Kaparapu J, Pragada PM, Geddada MNR. (2020). Fruits and vegetables and its nutritional benefits. Functional Foods Nutraceuticals, Springer: Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany.

Khan MM, Islam MT, Chowdhury MMH, Alim SR. (2015). Assessment of microbiological quality of some drinks sold in the streets of Dhaka university campus in Bangladesh. International Journal of Food Contamination, 2, 32-42

Koura K, Ganglo JC, Assogbadjo AE, Agbangla C. (2011). Ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of Parkia biglobosa in Northern Benin. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7, 11-17

Manjeshwa SB, Poruthukaran JK. (2012). Ixora coccinea Linn: A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology. Chinese Journal of Integrated Medicine, 18(1), 72-79.

Mintah BK, Eliason AE, Nsiah M, Baah EM, Hagan E, Ofosu DB. (2012). Consumption of fruits among students: A case of Public University in Ghana. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 12(2), 5979-5993.

Mohammed SM, Juriyati J, Satirah Z, Ahmed YA, Nor HM, Yusof K. (2021). Genus Parkia; Phytochemical, medicinal uses and pharmacological properties. Integrated Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(2), 618.

Odetola AA, Akinloye O, Egunjobi C, Adekunle WA, Ayoola OA. (2006). Possible antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemia effect of fermented Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) extract in alloxaun induced diabetic rats. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, 9, 808-812.

Patri H, Baruah B, Gayary S, Ray S. (2019). Production and evaluation of physicochemical, nutritional, sensory and microbiological properties of mixed fruit juice blend. Academic Journal of Food Research, 7(2), 12-20.

Saligrama V, Nagabhushan C, Sandopu SK, Nandini PS, Parvatam G. (2021). Fruits of Ixora coccinea are a rich source of phytoconstituent, bioactives and exhibit antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity against human prostrate carcinoma cells and development of RTS Beverages. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 45, 25-30

Shao M. (2002). Parkia biglobosa. Changes in resources allocated in Kandiga, Ghana. Master Thesis, Michigan Technologist University, United state of American.

Sunitha D, Hemalatha K, Bhagavanraju M. (2015). Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ixora: a review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 6(2), 567-584.

Toure A, Tiho T, Yao N, Adima A. (2022). Parkia bigblosa (Mimosaceae) leaves, fruit pulp and bark of stem and root phytochemical content and their antioxidant activities. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 10, 48-62.

Udobi CE, Onaolapo JA. (2012). Bioactive compounds of the stem bark of Parkia biglobosa. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 2(7), 133-137.

Yu J, Ahmedna M. (2013). Functional composition of grapes pomace: their composition, biological properties and potential applications. International Journal of Food Sciences and Technology, 48(2), 221-237.




How to Cite

Chiamaka, O. S., & Ebenezer, O. D. (2023). Evaluation of Physiochemical, Nutritional, Sensorial, and Microbiological Properties of Juice Blends Produced from Parkia biglobosa Pulp and Ixora coccinea Fruits. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 11(2), 29–38. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsml.vol11.2.4.2023