Kesan kaedah mengajar terhadap pencapaian awal matematik dalam kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah

The effects of teaching methods in the early mathematics achievement among preschool children


  • Connie Shin @ Connie Cassy Ompok Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Juppri Bacotang Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia



kaedah mengajar, awal matematik, kanak-kanak prasekolah, teaching methods, early mathematics, preschoolers


Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti kesan kaedah mengajar seperti permainan, buku nombor dan lembaran kerja terhadap pencapaian awal matematik yang merangkumi aras pengetahuan, kefahaman dan aplikasi dalam kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif yang berbentuk kaedah kuasi experimen. Kajian ini melibatkan 1107 orang kanak-kanak prasekolah sebagai sampel, dan menggunakan instrumen Test of Early Mathematics Ability untuk mengumpul data. Data dianalisis melalui statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensi menggunakan ujian MANCOVA. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan tiga kaedah mengajar, iaitu permainan, buku nombor dan lembaran kerja dapat meningkatkan pencapaian awal matematik kanak-kanak prasekolah. Namun begitu, pengkaji mendapati kaedah mengajar hanya memberi kesan secara signifikan terhadap kefahaman dan analisis awal matematik kanak-kanak prasekolah. Selain itu, kaedah permainan menunjukkan pencapaian awal matematik kanak-kanak prasekolah yang paling tinggi, diikuti dengan kaedah lembaran kerja dan kaedah buku nombor. Justeru, kaedah mengajar yang berteraskan permainan perlu digunakan oleh pendidik dengan sebaik mungkin untuk meningkatkan pencapaian awal matematik kanak-kanak prasekolah.


This study aims to identify the effects of teaching methods which are games, number books and worksheets towards early mathematics achievement that includes the levels of knowledge, understanding and application among preschool. This study uses a quantitative approach which is a quasi-experimental method. The study involved 1107 preschool as a sample, and used the Test of Early Mathematics Ability instrument to collect data. Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics using the MANCOVA test.The study found that the three teaching methods which is games, number book and worksheet could increase the early mathematics achievement of preschool. However, researchers had found that the teaching methods only had a significant impact on the understanding and analysis early mathematics of preschool children's. In addition, the game method showed the highest achievement of early mathematics for preschool, followed by worksheets and number books. Therefore, game-based teaching methods should be used by educators as much as possible to improve early mathematics achievement of preschool.



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How to Cite

Ompok, C. S. @ C. C., & Bacotang, J. (2019). Kesan kaedah mengajar terhadap pencapaian awal matematik dalam kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah: The effects of teaching methods in the early mathematics achievement among preschool children. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 8, 8–16.