School Innovativeness as Predictors of School Performance in Malaysian Primary Schools


  • Kavitha Selvaraja Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Ramli Basri Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Abdullah Mat Rashid Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Arnida Abdullah Universiti Putra Malaysia



school performance, school innovativeness, Malaysian primary schools, teacher's perception


This study is an attempt to explore the level of school innovativeness and its prediction towards school performance as perceived by teachers. The data was collected using survey questionnaire from the sample of 324 teachers from primary schools in Johor, Perak, Pahang and Selangor. Subsequently, the collected data was analysed using descriptive analysis, One-way ANOVA and multiple regression. The result showed that Malaysian schools practiced moderate level of innovativeness as overall. However, National Type Tamil schools practiced higher level of innovativeness in comparison with National schools and National Type Chinese schools based on teacher’s perception. Apart from that, the result also showed that teachers perceived school innovativeness significantly predict the school performance. With the result obtained, this study proposed some recommendations to the ministry, policy makers as well as researchers to improve school performance in Malaysian primary schools.


Download data is not yet available.


Cochran, W. G. (2007). Sampling techniques. John Wiley & Sons.

Demirci, A. E. (2013). Strategic representation of an abstract reality: Spiraling relations between organizational culture and innovativeness. Journal of Management and Strategy, 4(3), 39.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to Design And Evaluate Research in Education. (8th edt.). New York: McGram-Hill Companies.

Ghavifekr, S., Hoon, A. L. S., Ling, H. F., & Ching, T. M. (2017). Heads of departments as transformational leaders in schools: Issues and challenges. MOJEM: Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Management, 2(3), 119-139.

Ghosh, S., & Srivastava, B. K. (2018). Rescaling Organizational Innovativeness: The Indian Context. Global Business Review, 19(1), 241-255.

Gosmire, D., & Grady, M. (2007). A Bumpy Road: Principal As Technology Leader. Faculty Publications in Educational Administration

Mauchet, M. (2011). Managers' perceptions of organizational learning and organizational innovativeness in a global healthcare organization (Doctoral dissertation, The George Washington University).

Montes, F. J. L., Moreno, A. R., & Fernández, L. M. M. (2004). Assessing the organizational climate and contractual relationship for perceptions of support for innovation. International Journal of Manpower, 25(2), 167-180.

Moore, P.R. Exploring relationships between personal innovativeness and acceptance of technology of school administrators. Ph.D. thesis, The University of West Florida

Naz, F., & Murad, H. S. (2017). Innovative teaching has a positive impact on the performance of diverse students. SAGE Open, 7(4), 1-8.

Official Portal Ministry of Education Malaysia. (2021). Retrieved from

Official Portal Malaysian Wireless (2021). Retrieved from

Rhee, J., Park, T., & Lee, D. H. (2010). Drivers of innovativeness and performance for innovative SMEs in South Korea: Mediation of learning orientation. Technovation, 30(1), 65-75.

Slater, S. F., Olson, E. M., & Finnegan, C. (2011). Business strategy, marketing organization culture, and performance. Marketing letters, 22(3), 227-242.

Suresh, K. P., & Chandrashekara, S. (2012). Sample size estimation and power analysis for clinical research studies. Journal of human reproductive sciences, 5(1), 7-13.

Uzkurt, C., Kumar, R., Semih Kimzan, H. and Eminoğlu, G. (2013), Role of innovation in the relationship between organizational culture and firm performance: A study of the banking sector in Turkey, European Journal of Innovation Management, 16 (1), 92-117.

Wang, C. L., & Ahmed, P. K. (2004). The development and validation of the organisational innovativeness construct using confirmatory factor analysis. European Journal of Innovation Management, 7(4), 303 – 313.




How to Cite

Selvaraja, K., Basri, R., Rashid, A. M., & Abdullah, A. (2021). School Innovativeness as Predictors of School Performance in Malaysian Primary Schools. Journal of ICT in Education, 8(2), 93–109.