Copyright and Licensing

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

It is a condition of publication that authors assign copyright in their articles, including abstracts, to Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia. Authors may, of course, use the article elsewhere after publication without prior permission from Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia, provided that acknowledgement is given to the Journal as the original source of publication, and that Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia is notified so that our records show that its use is properly authorized. Author are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.