Flood Disaster and Impact on Residents: Case Study in Kedah


  • Nur Fathira Aimi Mansor Bahagian Geografi, Pusat Pengajian Pendidikan Jarak Jauh, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang
  • Nik Norliati Fitri Md Nor Bahagian Geografi, Pusat Pengajian Pendidikan Jarak Jauh, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang
  • Nur Rafidah Asyikin Idris Commonwealth Tertiary Education Facility (CTEF), Blok C, Aras 2, sains@usm, No.10, Persiaran Bukit Jambul, 11900 Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang
  • Siti Masayu Rosliah Abdul Rashid Bahagian Geografi, Pusat Pengajian Pendidikan Jarak Jauh, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang
  • Izham Mohamad Yusof Bahagian Geografi, Pusat Pengajian Pendidikan Jarak Jauh, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang
  • Ricky Anak Kemarau Pusat Pencerapan Bumi, Institut Perubahan Iklim, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia




flash flood, headwater, impact, the residents, Yan, Kedah


The flash flood incident that occurred on August 21, 2021, had a significant impact on the residents of Kampung Setol, Yan, Kedah. This flood event was triggered by a sudden surge of water, resulting in serious consequences for the local economy. To address this issue, a study was conducted in Kampung Setol to assess the effects of the flood disaster on the residents and identify measures to mitigate its impact. Utilizing a quantitative approach, a survey was conducted among flood victims and local residents in Kampung Setol, Yan, Kedah. Data collected from this survey were analyzed using frequency and percentage. The analysis revealed that the flood disaster had a significant impact on the residents, particularly in terms of property damage and disruption of daily income. Therefore, effective disaster management is essential to reduce losses and protect the well-being of affected residents. This study will also serve as a valuable guide for the responsible authorities in disaster preparedness, enabling them to take measures to minimize damage and losses from future flood disasters. Furthermore, raising awareness and public education about disaster management and preparedness are crucial to building resilience and reducing vulnerability among the population to such events. This will ensure the safety and well-being of the community in the face of flood disasters.


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How to Cite

Mansor, N. F. A., Md Nor, N. N. F., Idris, N. R. A., Abdul Rashid, S. M. R., Mohamad Yusof, I., & Kemarau, R. (2023). Flood Disaster and Impact on Residents: Case Study in Kedah. GEOGRAFI, 11(1), 44–67. https://doi.org/10.37134/geografi.vol11.1.3.2023