Domestic Violence: Awareness and Level of Knowledge among University Students

Keganasan Rumahtangga: Kepekaan Dan Tahap Pengetahuan Mahasiswa

  • Noor Azizah Ahmad School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Sintok, Kedah, MALAYSIA
  • Nabisah Ibrahim School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Sintok, Kedah, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Domestic violence, Domesctic Violence Act, awareness, knowledge, university students

Abstract

Domestic violence is not an isolated problem in Malaysia. The increase of domestic violence cases requires community members to be equally concerned about this problem. Thus, a quantitative study has been conducted to identify the level of awareness and knowledge of students including the provision of policies, rights, and services provided to victims. The questionnaire was utilized as a method of data collection among 132 students from Social Work Management Programs, Universiti Utara Malaysia. Students’ level of awareness and knowledge was measured and analyzed descriptively. Findings indicate students' level of awareness was at a moderate level while their level of knowledge regarding policies, rights, and services was at a low level. A small number of respondents were found to still have gender-stereotypical attitudes towards victims and predators in domestic violence cases. Thus, ongoing awareness and practical training programs through a systematic pattern of education are needed to help students increase their level of awareness and knowledge regarding domestic violence.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akta Keganasan Rumahtangga 1994 (Akta 521), (Pindaan) 2017.

Black, B., Weizz, A., dan Bennet, L. (2010). Graduating social work students’ perspectives on domestic violence. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 25(2), 173-184.

Block, Elizabeth. (2012). The Importance of Teacher's Effectiveness. Creative Education, 03, 1164-1172. DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326173.

Buchbinder, E., Eisikovitss, Z. & Karnieli-Miller, O. (2004). Social workers’ perception of the balance between the psychological and the social. Social Service Review, 78(4), 531-552. DOI: 10.1086/424543.

Callorasi, L. (2005). A respond to Danis and Lockhart: What guides social work knowledge about violence against women. Journal of Social Work Education, 41(1), 147-159. DOI: 10.5175/JSWE.2005.200400418

Chen, A., & Gao, X. (2021). Enhancing the anti-domestic violence competencies of undergraduates: action research on a social work curriculum in Mainland China. China Journal of Social Work, 1-23.

Clark, A., & Wydall, S. (2015). From ‘rights to action’: Practitioners’ perceptions of the needs of children experiencing domestic violence. Child & Family Social Work, 20(2), 181-190. DOI:10.1111/cfs/12066

Danis, F., & Lockhart, L. (2003). Domestic violence and social work education: What do we know, what do we need to know? Guest Editorial. Journal of Social Work Education, 39, 215–224.

David, K., LeBlanc, M. & Self-Brown, S. (2015). Violence exposure in young children: Child oriented routines as a protective factor for school readiness. Journal of Family Violence, 20(3), 303-314. DOI:10.1007/s10896-015-9676-z

Doran, F., & Hutchinson, M. (2017). Student nurses’ knowledge and attitudes towards domestic violence: results of survey highlight need for continued attention to undergraduate curriculum. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(15-16), 2286-2296.

Galántai, J., Ligeti, A., & Wirth, J. (2019). Children Exposed to Violence: Child Custody and its Effects on Children in Intimate Partner Violence Related Cases in Hungary. Journal of Family Violence, 34:5, 399-409. DOI: 10.1080/09649069.2018.1519155.

Goldblatt, H., Buchbinder, E., Eisikovits, Z. & Arizon-Mesinger, I. (2009). Between the professional and the private: The meaning of working with intimate partner violence in social worker’s private lives. Violence Against Women, 15(3), 362-384.

Goldblatt, H. & Buchbinder, E. (2014). Challenging gender roles: The impact on female social work students of working with abused women. Journal of Social Work Education, 39(2), 255-275.

Hawkins, V. (2007). Student social work attitudes toward domestic violence and implication for social work education. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and mechanical College. Master thesis.

Hefernan, K., Blythe, B. & Nicolson, P. (2014). How do social workers understand and respond to domestic violence and relate this to organizational policy and practice? International Social Work. 57(6), 698-713. DOI: 10.1177/0020872812453188

Holt, S. L. (2015). An exploration of the impacts that experiencing domestic violence can have on a child’s primary education: View of educational staff. British Journal of Community Justice, 13(2), 7-26.

Hunter, R., Barnett, A. & Kaganas, F. (2018), Introduction: contact and domestic abuse, Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 40(4), 401-425, DOI: 10.1080/09649069.2018.1519155

Iffahinani,M.S., Lukman, Z. M., Normala, R., Azlini, C. & Kamal, M. Y. (2018). The knowledge of social works students sbout domestic violence. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, II (XII), 472-475.

Kumar, A. (2020). COVID-19 and Domestic Violence: A Possible Public Health Crisis. Journal of Health Management. 22(2), 192-196.

Meissel, K., Meyer, F., Yao, E., Rubie-Davies, M. (2017). Subjectivity of teacher judgements: Exploring student characteristics that influence teacher judgements of student ability. Teaching and Teacher Education, 65, 48-60.

Mendler, A. (2009). Motivating students who don't care: Successful techniques for educators. Bloomington, Indiana: Solution Tree Press.

Ming Teoh, The Star, 14 Ogos 2020. Recognising social worker as an essential profession in Malaysia. Diakses pada 1 September 2020 dari https://www.thestar.com.my/lifestyle/family/2020/08/14/recognising-social-work-as-an-essential-profession-in-malaysia#cxrecs_s

Moody, T. (2020). Domestic Violence: The perceptions of social work and criminal justice students. California States University, Sacramento. MSW Thesis.

Muhammad Afham Ramli, (21 April 2020), Keganasan rumahtangga: jangan takut lapor polis. Diakses pada 28 Ogos 2020 dari https://www.sinarharian.com.my/article/79942/BERITA/Nasional/Keganasan-rumah-tangga-Jangan-takut-lapor-polis!

Muhammad Yusri, Berita Harian, (26 Ogos 2020), Garis panduan kendali kes keganasan rumahtangga ditambah baik. Diakses pada 1 September 2020 dari https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2020/08/724902/garis-panduan-kendali-kes-keganasan-rumah-tangga-ditambah-baik

Nyame, S., Howard, L.M., Feder, G. & Trevillion, K. (2013). A survey of mental health professionals' knowledge, attitudes and preparedness to respond to domestic violence. Journal of Mental Health, 22:6, 536-543, DOI: 10.3109/09638237.2013.841871

Peter, T. (2006). Domestic violence in the United States and Sweden: A welfare state typology comparison whithin a power resources framework. Women’s Studies International Forum, 29(1), 96-107.

Robbins, R., Banks, C., McLaughlin, H., Bellamy, C. & Thackray, D. (2016). Is Domestic Abuse an Adult Social Work Issue?, Social Work Education, 35(2), 131-143, DOI: 10.1080/02615479.2016.1140733

Robbins, R. (2014). ‘She Knew What was Coming’: Knowledge and Domestic Violence in Social Work Education, Social Work Education, 33(7), 917-929, DOI: 10.1080/02615479.2014.898748

Rose, D., Trevillion, K., Woodall, A., Morgan, C., Feder, G., & Howard, L. (2011). Barriers and facilitators of disclosures of domestic violence by mental health service users: Qualitative study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 198(3), 189–194.

Salimbeni, M. (2011) Domestic Violence: Intersectionality and Culturally Competent Practice by Lettie L. Lockhart and Fran S. Danis (Eds.), Journal of Teaching in Social Work. 31(1), 112-114. DOI: 10.1080/08841233.2011.541846

Stanley, R., Miller, P. & Richardson Forster, H. (2012). Engaging with children’s and parents perspectives on domestic violence. Child & Family Social Work, 17(2), 192-201. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2206.2012.00832.x

The Star (20 May 2020). MCO sees spike in domestic violence cases. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/05/20/mco-sees-spike-in-domestic-violence-case

Tishman, S. (2017). Slow looking: The art and practice of learning through observation. London: Routledge.

Women’s Aid Organisation, (2017). Perspektif mengenai keganasan rumah tangga: Penyelarasan gerak balas komuniti terhadap isu komuniti. Petaling Jaya, Selangor: WAO.

Worden, A.P., & Carlson, B. E. (2005). Attitudes and beliefs about domestic violence: Results of a public opinion survey: II. Belief about causes. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(10), 1219-1243. DOI: 10.1177/0886260505278531.

Young, D. S., & Baker, R. E. (2004). Linking classroom theory to professional practice: The internship as a practical learning experience worthy of academic credit. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 75(1), 22-24.

Published
2022-07-05
How to Cite
Ahmad, N. A., & Ibrahim, N. (2022). Domestic Violence: Awareness and Level of Knowledge among University Students. EDUCATUM Journal of Social Sciences, 8(1), 53-66. https://doi.org/10.37134/ejoss.vol8.1.6.2022