Seni sebagai terapi banduan melalui program kreatif seni di penjara malaysia

Art as an Inmates Therapy through the Creative Art Program in Malaysian Prison

  • Fareez Vincent Amos Fakulti Seni, Komputeran & Industri Kreatif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Mohd Zahuri Khairani Fakulti Seni, Komputeran & Industri Kreatif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Keywords: Banduan, Seni Sebagai Terapi, Program Kreatif Seni

Abstract

Kajian rintis yang dilaksanakan ini merupakan program seni sebagai terapi melalui program seni kreatif di penjara Kajang Malaysia. Ia terdiri daripada aktiviti melukis menggunakan pelbagai medium seni yang melibatkan 20 orang banduan lelaki dan 20 orang banduan wanita berumur antara 21 hingga 63 tahun. Tempoh program ini adalah selama 12 minggu dan 3 jam bagi setiap sesi. Rangka kerja untuk program ini disediakan hasil dari tinjauan literatur dan input dari sesi temubual berstruktur yang dijalankan dengan pakar psikologi dari Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) serta pegawai psikologi penjara dari Pusat Koreksional Perlis. Program akan dijalankan di bengkel vokasional penjara berdasarkan tema spesifik menggunakan medium seni seperti kertas lukisan, pen dakwat dan cat air. Kajian ini juga membincangkan tentang kaedah untuk memperkenalkan rangka program yang dicadangkan di penjara Malaysia. Aktiviti seni sebagai terapi dalam program ini bermula dengan sesi pengenalan dan beberapa latihan untuk menerangkan cara penggunaan medium seni. Aktiviti mingguan dilaksanakan berdasarkan kepada tema tertentu. Setiap hasil karya oleh banduan ini akan didokumenkan dan direkodkan.

 

References

Anderson, K. (2015). Documenting arts practitioners’ practice in prisons: ‘what do you do in there?’ Howard Journal Of Criminal Justice, 54(4), 371-383. doi: 10.1111/hojo.12136.

Beaumont, S. L. (2012). Art therapy approaches for identity problems during adolescence. Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal, 25(1), 7–14. doi: 10.1080/08322473.2012.11415557.bibliography.National Endowment for the Arts. Bibliography.

Bowdler,J. (1998). Art Therapy In Mainstream Primary Schools In The United Kingdom And The United States Of America: Identifying Connections With The Australian Experience. (Master dissertation). Retrieved from Edith Cowan University Research Online.

Breiner, M. J., Tuomisto, L., Bouyea, E., Gussak, D. E., & Aufderheide, D. (2012). Creating an art therapy anger management protocol for male inmates through a collaborative relationship. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 56(7), 1124–43. doi: 10.1177/0306624X11417362.

Brewster, L. (1983). "An Evaluation of the Arts-in-Corrections Program of the California Department of Corrections," http://williamjamesassociation.org/prison_arts/.

Brewster, L. (2014). The impact of prison arts programs on inmate attitudes and behavior: a quantitative evaluation. Justice Policy Journal, 11(2), 1-28.

Farokhi,M. (2011). Art Therapy In Humanistic Psychiatry. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of the 2nd World Conference on Psychology, Counselling and Guidance.doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.40

Gardner, A., Hager, L., & Hillman, G. (2014). Prison arts resource project: An annotated

Gussak, D. (1997). Breaking through barriers: Advantages of art therapy in prison. Ir D. Gussak & E. Virshup (Eds.), Drawing time: Art therapy in prisons and other correctional settings (pp. 1-12). Chicago: Magnolia Street Publishers.

Gussak, D. (2007). International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. The Effectiveness of Art Therapy in Reducing Depression in Prison Populations, 51 (4), 444-460.

Gussak, D. (2009). The effects of art therapy on male and female inmates: Advancing the research base. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 36(1), 5-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2008.10.002

Hanes, M. (2005). Behind steel doors: Images from the walls of a county jail. Art Therapy: The Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 22(1), 44-48.

Kornfeld, P. (1997). Cellblock visions: Prison art in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Langelid, T., Maki, M., Raundrup, K., Svensson, S. (Eds.) (2009). Nordic Prison Education, A Lifelong Learning Perspective. Translated by Linda Schenck. Internet: www.divaportal.org/smash/get/diva2:700745/FULLTEXT01.pdf.

Levy, B. (1978). Art therapy in a women’s correctional facility. Art Psychotherapy, 5(3), 157–166.

LK.Akila & Nandagopal,C. (2015) An Introduction to Art Therapy and Creativity in Organization’s. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Emerging Trends in Social Science Research (IS15Chennai Symposium). Retrieved from http://globalbizresearch.org/Chennai_Symposium/conference/pdf/C543_Full%20Paper.pdf

Malchiodi, C. A. (Ed.). (2003). Handbook of art therapy. New York: Guilford Press.

Morgan, C. (1981). Developing mental health services for local jails. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 8(3), 259-262.

Nguyen, M.-N. (2015). Dubna Psychological Journal. Art Therapy-A Review of Methodology 4 (c), 29-43.

Pamplet Program Pembangunan Insan oleh Bahagian Pengurusan Banduan (Seksyen Pemulihan & Rawatan, Ibu Pejabat Penjara Malaysia, Kajang Selangor

Pratt.R.R, (2003), The Arts In Healthcare Movement In The United States Concept Paper Symposium Washington Dc.

Rubin, J. A. (2001). Approaches to Art Therapy: Theory & Technique. Second Edition. New York: Brunner- Routledge.

Schrift, M. (2006). "Angola Prison Art: Captivity, Creativity, and Consumerism," Journal of American Folklore, Summer 2006, vol. 119, no. 473, pp. 257-275.

Ursprung, W. (1997). Insider art: The creative ingenuity of the incarcerated artist. In D. Gussak & E. Virshup (Eds.), Drawing time: Art therapy in prisons and other correctional settings (pp. 13-24). Chicago: Magnolia Street Publishers.
Published
2019-10-10
How to Cite
Amos, F. V., & Khairani, M. Z. (2019). Seni sebagai terapi banduan melalui program kreatif seni di penjara malaysia. KUPAS SENI: Jurnal Seni Dan Pendidikan Seni, 7, 105-113. Retrieved from http://ojs.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JSPS/article/view/2867