Viewpoint of Probabilistic Risk Assessment in Artificial Enabled Social Engineering Attacks

  • Nik Zulkarnaen Khidzir Global Entrepreneurship Research and Innovation Centre, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Shekh Abdullah-Al-Musa Ahmed Faculty of Creative Technology and Heritage, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia
Keywords: Risk assessment, Social engineering, Artificially-enabled, Malicious software, In-formation security, Vulnerability, Artificial enabled social engineering risk, Coun-termeasure


Risk assessment really a complex decision-making process in the domain of in-formation security areas. There are a lot of unclear model of software domain and the lack of associated uncertainty are two main reasons that directly affect individual decisions making regarding risk assessment. When artificial enabled social engineering attacks are effectively may happening in every levels of domain. On the other hand, the risk assessment conducted on the safety requirements on artificial enabled social engineering attacks. So the simple meaning of social engineering is to refers to the psychologically and mentality use people to give secret information in the context of information security. A strategy of self-confidence for information collection, fraud, or access to the system, is different from a traditional "con" that it is often one of the more complex fraudulent schemes. That is why in this paper  we proposed theoretical framework, which can not only demonstrate its potential for the risk assessment, but it can be sensitive and effective in analyzing a critical and uncertain operational environment that can address the extreme effects of information security.


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How to Cite
Khidzir, N. Z., & Ahmed, S. A.-A.-M. (2019). Viewpoint of Probabilistic Risk Assessment in Artificial Enabled Social Engineering Attacks. Journal of Contemporary Issues and Thought, 9, 12-17. Retrieved from