Factors Influencing Ex-Prisoners to Become Homeless: A Case Study in Kuala Lumpur

Faktor Mempengaruhi Bekas Banduan menjadi Gelandangan: Kajian Kes di Kuala Lumpur


  • Mohd Alif Jasni Pusat Pengajian Psikologi Gunaan, Dasar dan Kerja Sosial, Universiti Utara Malaysia dan Institute for Psychotherapy, Correctional & Rehabilitation (iPSYCORE), Sintok, Kedah, MALAYSIA
  • Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah Jabatan Pentadbiran dan Keadilan Sosial, Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Norruzeyati Che Mohd Nasir Pusat Pengajian Psikologi Gunaan, Dasar dan Kerja Sosial, Universiti Utara Malaysia dan Asian Research Institute for Governance (ARICG), Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, MALAYSIA
  • Noralina Omar Jabatan Pentadbiran dan Keadilan Sosial, Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA




ex-prisoner, homeless people, antecedent factors, exclusion, reintegration


Ex-prisoners who end up as homeless people are not a new issue in any country. The failure to reintegrate makes them homeless people. The difficulty is further complicated by the existence of ex-prisoners who have fallen into poverty and deprivation causing them not able to get out of the streets living. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the factors that caused these ex-prisoners to end up living as homeless people. The study used a qualitative method by interviewing a total of 15 respondents. Purposive sampling  and snowball sampling technique were used to identify the respondents. The study shows that there are several factors that cause them to end up as homeless people, namely family rejection, unemployment, societal discrimination and persistent drug addiction. The findings are expected to be used as a guide for the Malaysian Prison Department and Department of Social Welfare Malaysia as well as other rehabilitation agencies in developing appropriate assistance and further support programs for homeless ex-prisoners to prevent them from the streets living.


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How to Cite

Jasni, M. A., Abu Bakar Ah, S. H., Che Mohd Nasir, N., & Omar, N. (2021). Factors Influencing Ex-Prisoners to Become Homeless: A Case Study in Kuala Lumpur: Faktor Mempengaruhi Bekas Banduan menjadi Gelandangan: Kajian Kes di Kuala Lumpur. Perspektif Jurnal Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan, 13(1), 102–116. https://doi.org/10.37134/perspektif.vol13.1.9.2021