Faktor-faktor berisiko yang menyumbang kepada tingkah laku devian: Satu kajian ulasan sistematik

Risk factors that contribute towards deviant behavior: A systematic review


  • N. K. Tharshini Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Fauziah Ibrahim Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor


berisiko, devian, faktor, tingkah laku, ulasan, sistematik


Artikel ini disediakan bagi mengulas faktor-faktor berisiko yang menyumbang kepada tingkah laku devian. Satu kajian ulasan sistematik telah dijalankan bagi mendapatkan maklumat lengkap berkaitan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkah laku berisiko dengan menggunakan pangkalan data Emerald, Elsevier, Sage and Google Scholar. Keputusan kajian menunjukkan bahawa terdapat lima faktor utama yang menyumbang kepada tingkah laku devian iaitu: (i) faktor individu, (ii) faktor keluarga, (iii) faktor rakan sebaya, (iv) faktor persekolahan dan (v) faktor komuniti. Dapatan kajian turut menjelaskan bahawa faktor berisiko meningkatkan lagi peluang keterlibatan seseorang individu dengan aktiviti jenayah serta menyumbang ke arah peningkatan dalam kadar residivisme. Hasil kajian ini, dapat memberi implikasi kepada pihak berkepentingan mengenai domain yang menyumbang kepada tingkah laku devian agar langkah pencegahan dapat diambil bagi mengawal penularan gejala sosial.


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How to Cite

Tharshini, N. K., & Ibrahim, F. (2020). Faktor-faktor berisiko yang menyumbang kepada tingkah laku devian: Satu kajian ulasan sistematik: Risk factors that contribute towards deviant behavior: A systematic review. Perspektif Jurnal Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan, 12(1), 28–38. Retrieved from https://ojs.upsi.edu.my/index.php/PERS/article/view/3852