Ulama dan Perjuangan Politik: Peranan Masyumi Terhadap Penubuhan Hizbul Muslimin di Tanah Melayu, 1947-1948
Ulama and Political Struggle: The Role of Masyumi towards the Establishment of Hizbul Muslimin in Malaya, 1947-1948
Keywords:Masyumi, Kyai Haji Mashoor Azhari, Hizbul Muslimin, Abu Bakar al-Baqir, MATA
Majelis Syura Muslimin Indonesia (Masyumi) is an Islamic political party in Indonesia founded in 1943 during the Japanese occupation, before being confirmed by the government after Indonesia's independence in 1945. Masyumi was also very influential in Malaya, even some Masyumi leaders were also associated with the establishment of Hizbul Muslimin in Gunung Semanggol, Perak. This article discusses the role of Masyumi towards the establishment of Hizbul Muslimin in Gunung Semanggol, Perak in 1948. The study uses library study method to analyse various primary and secondary sources. The findings uncover that the arrival of Masyumi leaders to Malaya not only intended to establish the first Islamic political party in Malaya, Hizbul Muslimin, but also to establish Masyumi branch in Malaya. Kyai Haji Mashoor Azhari, a graduate of al-Azhar University in Cairo from Sumatera, Indonesia, is one of the Masyumi senior leaders who are directly involved in the establishment of an Islamic political party in Malaya, Hizbul Muslimin. Although he was unable to attend the “Majlis Agama Tertinggi” (MATA) Congress at Gunung Semanggol in March 1948 after being sent home by the Singapore government, he had met with several Malayan leaders to discuss the establishment of Hizbul Muslimin. Tengku Osman is regarded as an actor for Hizbul Muslimin activities, as well as managing the Masyumi administration in Malaya. Bung Shariff Mujuo is the backbone of the establishment of “Syabāb Hizb al-Muslimīn” (Youth Division of Hizbul Muslimin) in Gunung Semanggol, Perak.