Setoi (Setul) Mambang Segara Dalam Lintasan Sejarah Negeri-Negeri Melayu Utara
Setoi (Setul) Mambang Segara in the glimpse of the history of Northern Malay States
Keywords:Setoi, Agama Islam, al-Tarikh Salsilah Negeri Kedah and Prakya Aphay Nrach
Setoi or Setol or Satun was part of the territory of Kedah until the Treaty of Bangkok 1909. At the beginning Setoi was administrated by the penghulu or headmen appointed by the Sultan of Kedah until Sultan Abdullah al-Mukarram ayah (1778-1797) appointed his son, Tunku Bisnu, as Raja Muda to be in charge of Perlis and Setoi. Satoi than became an autonomous territory when Rama II (1809-1921) appointed Tunku Bisnu as the ruler of Setoi. When Siam conquered Kedah in 1821-1830, Setoi became a part of Siamese territory although it was still recognized as a district of Kedah. Rama III then appointed Tunku Muhammad, the son of Raja Bisnu as the raja of Setoi in 1843. Because of the inability of the successor of Tunku Muhammad to rule, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Kedah then appointed an administrator from Kedah by the named Ku Din bin Ku Meh to take care of the administration of the state. The appointment of Ku Din had caused the decline of the Kedah’s power in Setoi. Ku Din was later appointed by King Chulalongkon (Rama IV) as the raja of Setoi and remained as the raja until 1916. After that Setoi or Satun in the Siamese language was administrated directly by the Bangkok government. The history of Satun were not much told in history books accept from two sources, al-Tarikh Salasilah Negeri Kedah and Sejarah Negeri Setoi and some oral stories which was told through oral history.