Sumbangan Golongan Peniaga Cinadi Tanah Melayu kepada Kerajaan Ch’ing:1880–1912
The Contributions of Chinese Tradersin Malaya to Ch’ing Government: 1880–1912
Keywords:Trader, the Ch’ing government, contribution, Tanah Melayu
This paper discusses the contributions made by the Chinese merchants in Malaya in their home country during the reign of the Ch’ing government. In the early reign of the Ch’ing government adopted a policy banning out-migration of people and prejudice against the dealer in any sea, but the situation changed at the end of the 19th century. Ch’ing government policy changes were influenced by the success and wealth that are highlighted by the traders who dominate economic activity in Malaya. In addition, political and socioeconomic changes and the expansion of Western power in China has encouraged the Ch’ing government to change its policy towards the business community. In fact, the Ch’ing government is seen trying to establish a good relationship with the business community in Malaya. The aim is to raise funds and help with various aspects of economic, social and political in an effort to restore the government of China is deteriorating. This paper analyzes the impact and significance of the policy changes in the relationship between government and the business community Ching.