The Relationship between Teacher leadership and Teacher Commitment in National Type Secondary Schools in Klang, Selangor
Keywords:Teacher leadership, Teacher commitment, National Type Secondary Schools
The study identified the relationship between teacher leadership and teacher commitment of teachers in National Type Secondary Schools (NTSS) in Klang, Selangor. The study employed a quantitative approach by using a questionnaire survey. A total of 346 teachers were selected as respondents through two-stage sampling techniques; disproportionate stratified sampling and simple random sampling method from 20 NTSS in Klang, Selangor. Based on Katzenmeyer and Moller’s (2001) seven dimensions of the Teacher Leadership Scale and three dimensions of the Teacher Commitment Scale by The (2019), the study unraveled that the level of teacher leadership (M=4.174; SD= 0.336) was at a high level and the level of Teacher Commitment (M=4.67; SD=0.405) was at a Quite High level. Moreover, the t-test revealed that there was a significant difference in terms of gender for teacher commitment [t (344) =3.369; p = 0.001]. Furthermore, One-Way ANOVA revealed that there was no significant difference in teacher commitment in terms of age [F (3, 342) = 1.779; p = 0.151] and academic qualification [F (2, 343) = 1.278; p = 0.280]. Finally, there was a significant relationship between teacher leadership and teacher commitment (r = 0.220; p <0.01). The study would provide the knowledge base and practical insights for the Ministry of Education and educational practitioners about the level of teacher leadership and teacher commitment especially in designing professional development programs for school teachers. Moreover, the findings can be used by school leaders as a reference in enhancing teacher leadership and teacher commitment in the process of school improvement and effectiveness.
Adams, D., Samat, S. N. A., & Samah, H. A. (2018). Teacher leadership: Going beyond the classroom. International Online Journal of Educational Leadership, 2(1), 1-3.
Arokiasamy, A. R. A., Abdullah, G. K., & Zohir, M. A. (2016). Transformational Leadership of School Principals and Organizational Health of Primary School Teachers in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 229 (2016), 151-157.
Arumugam Raman, Chang, C.L., & Rozalina Khalid. (2015). Relationship between school climate and teachers’ commitment in an excellent school of Kubang Pasu district, Kedah, Malaysia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(3), 163-173.
Aziah Ismail & Al Amin Mydin, 2018). The Impact of Transformational Leadership and Commitment on Teachers’ Innovative Behaviour. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR). Proceedings of the 4th ASEAN Conference on Psychology, Counselling, and Humanities (ACPCH 2018), 304(5), 426-430.
Bush, T., & Ng, A.Y.M. (2019). Distributed leadership and the Malaysia Education Blueprint. Journal of Educational Administration, 57(3), 279-295.
Bush, T., Glover, D., Ng, A. Y. M., & Romero, M.(2016). Master teachers as teacher leaders: Evidence from Malaysia and the Philippines. International Studies in Educational Administration, 43 (2), 81-102.
Bush, T., Ng, A. Y. M., Abdul Hamid, S., & Kaparou, M. (2018). School leadership theories and the Malaysia Education Blueprint: Findings from a systematic literature review. International Journal of Educational Management, 32(7), 1245-1265.
Clarence, M., & George, T. (2021). Role of demographic variables in organization among catholic college teachers. Asia Pacific Journal of Research, 1(9), 58- 66.
Celep, C. (2000). Teachers' Organizational Commitment in Educational Organizations. In National Forum of Teacher Education Journal, 10(3), 1999-2000. Retrieved from http://www. national forum. com/17celep. htm.
Colak, I., Altinkurt, Y., & Yilmaz, K. (2014). The relationship between teachers’ teacher leadership roles and organizational commitment levels. Educational Process: International Journal, 3(1), 3.
Clarence, M., Devassy, V. P., Jena, L. K., & George, T. S. (2021). The effect of servant leadership on ad hoc schoolteachers’ affective commitment and psychological well-being: The mediating role of psychological capital. International Review of Education, 67, 305-331.
Daniel, J. (2011). Sampling Essentials: Practical guidelines for making sampling choices. Sage Publications.
Daud, Y., Mohamad, Y.Z.J., Khalid, R., Don, Y., Omar, F. M. S., Raman, A., & Hussin, F. (2015). Distributive leadership among leaders in effective schools. Journal of Teaching and Education, 4(3), 423-433.
Farber, B. A. (1991). Crisis in education: Stress and burnout in the American teacher. Jossey-Bass.
Fraenkel, J. R. and Wallen, N. G. (1993).How To Design Evaluate Research in Education-Second Edition. Singapore: Mc. Graw Hill Book Co.
Fraenkell, J. R, &Wallen N. E. (2012).How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (Eight Ed.). New York: Mc. McGraw-Hill International Edition.
Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasian, P. W. (2009). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hamzah, N., Noor, M. A. M., & Yusof, H. (2016). Teacher leadership concept: A review of literature. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 6(12), 185-189.
Hassan, A., Maharoff, M., Abiddin, N. Z., & Ro’is, I. (2015). Teacher trainers’ and trainee teachers’ understanding towards the curriculum philosophy regarding soft skills embedment in the Malaysian Institute of Teacher Education. Policy Futures in Education, 14(2), 164-175.
Ismail, S. N., Abdullah, A. S., & Abdullah, A. G. K. (2019). The Effect of School Leaders' Authentic Leadership on Teachers' Job Stress in the Eastern Part of Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Instruction, 12(2), 67-80.
Jamail, M., Don, Y., & Zain, F. M. (2019). Distributed Leadership and Conflict Management Style of Generation Y Teachers: Malaysian Context. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 9(7), 1298–1320.
Jamail, M., & Don, Y. (2016). Praktis Kepimpinan Distributif Dan Komitmen Terhadap Organisasi Berdasarkan Kohort Generasi Guru. International Seminar on Generating Knowledge Through Research UUM-UMSIDA. Proceeding of ICECRS, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 1, 275-286. ISSN. 2548-6160.
Katzenmeyer, M., & Moller, G. (2001). Awakening the Sleeping Giant: Helping teachers develop as leaders (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Marican, S., Borhanuddin, A., & Abdullah, N. (2009). The challenges and implication of dual carrier women on the future workforce in Malaysia: A global perspective. The challenges and implication of dual carrier women on the future workforce in Malaysia: A global perspective.
Muda, M. S. B., Mansor, N. R. B., & Ibrahim, M. Y. B. (2017). Literature review on instructional leadership practice among principals in managing changes. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(12), 18-24.
Musa, K., & Seng, N. N. (2017). Hubungan Kepimpinan Guru dengan Pencapaian Akademik Pelajar di Sibu, Sarawak: Relationship between Teacher Leadership with Students’ Academic Achievement in Primary Schools, Sibu, Sarawak. Management Research Journal, 6, 176-190.
Musa, K. (2013). Study Of Transformational Leadership In Malaysian Changing Education Environment: A Case Of High Performing Schools. Management Research Journal, 2, 69–79.
Musa, K. & Nasir, R. M. (2018). Amalan kepimpinan guru dalam kalangan guru-guru sekolah rendah Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak. Management Research Journal, 7, 100 - 116.
Musa, K. & Rofidah Mohd Nasir. (2018). Amalan kepimpinan guru dalam kalangan guru-guru sekolah rendah Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak. Management Research Journal, 7, 100 – 116.
Mwesiga, A., & Okendo, E. O. (2018). Effectiveness of heads of schools in supervising teachers’ teaching activities in secondary schools in Kagera Region, Tanzania. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(04), 91-107.
Nawi, S. M., Yusof, S. M., Kamaludin, P. N. H., & Sain, N. (2021). Exploring Malaysian Tertiary Students’ Behavioural, Cognitive, Emotional and Social Engagement and Disengagement in ODL. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(4), 1296-1311.
Najeemah M. Y (2012). School climate and teachers’ commitment: a case study of Malaysia. International Journal of Economics Business and Management Studies, 1(2), 65–75.
Kamaruzaman, N. L., Musa, K., & Hashim, Z. (2020). Teacher Leadership: Concept and Framework. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 9(2), 574-587.
Ram, U., Strohschein, L., & Gaur, K. (2014). Gender socialization: Differences between male and female youth in India and associations with mental health. International Journal of Population Research, 2014.
Raman, A., Chang, C. L., & Khalid, R. (2015). Relationship between school climate and teachers’ commitment in an excellent school of Kubang Pasu District, Kedah, Malaysia. Mediterranean journal of social sciences, 6(3 S1), 163-173.
Reyes, A. G. (1990). Petrology of Philippine geothermal systems and the application of alteration mineralogy to their assessment. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 43(1-4), 279-309.
Misdi, N., Sumintono, B., & Abdullah, Z. (2019). Kepemimpinan guru Kolej MARA: Satu kajian kes. JuPiDi: Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan, 6(3), 46-63.
Mohamad, R., Kasim, A.L., Zakaria, S., & Nasir, M.F. (2017). Komitmen guru dan kepuasan kerja guru di sekolah menengah harian berprestasi tinggi dan breprestasi rendah di Daerah Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Proceedings of the ICECRS, 1(1). pp.863-874. ISSN 2548-6160.
Norashdimah Misdi, Bambang Sumintono, & Zuraidah Abdullah. (2019). Kepemimpinan guru Kolej Mara: Satu kajian kes. Jurnal KepimpinanPendidikan, 6(3), 46-63.
Nurharani Selamat, Norshidah Nordin & Afni Anida Adnan, (2013). Rekindle teacher's organizational commitment: The effect of transformational leadership behavior. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 90, 566-574.
Rahman, F., Jumani, N. B., Akhter, Y., Chisthi, S. U. H., & Ajmal, M. (2011). Relationship between training of teachers and effectiveness teaching. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(4).
Sarstedt, M., Bengart, P., Shaltoni, A., & Lehmann, S. (2017). The use of sampling methods in advertising research: A gap between theory and practice. International Journal of Advertising, 37(4), 650- 663.
Suhaili Mohd Yusof. (2017). Tahap iklim sekolah, tahap komitmen guru serta hubungan di antara iklim sekolah dengan komitmen guru sekolah- sekolah menengah daerah Machang, Kelantan. Proceedings of the ICECRS, 1(1), 635-646.
Tahir, L. M., Musah, M. B., Hussain, S., Al-Hudawi, & Daud, K. (2020). Becoming a teacher leader: Exploring Malaysian in-service teachers' perceptions, readiness and challenges. Education and Science, 45(202), 283-310.
Tadesse, E. (2019). Teachers’ organizational commitment at secondary school in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. International Journal of Education and Research, 7(4), 53-65.
Teh, T. L., Wong, K. L., Lee, T. C., & Loh, W. L. (2014). School leadership styles and teacher organizational commitment among performing schools. The Journal of Global Business Management, 10(2), 67-75.
Thien, L. M., & Razak, N. A. (2014). Validating teacher commitment scale using a Malaysian sample. SAGE Open, 1-9.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Sarah Sandanasamy Paul
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.