Effective Professional Development Model Increases the Competence of Vocational Teachers
Model Pembangunan Profesional Efektif Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru Vokasional
Keywords:Teacher Competence, Professional Development, Vocational Technical Education and Training (PLTV)
Competent vocational teachers are the backbone of effective teaching and learning in Vocational Technical Education and Training (PLTV). Effective professional development can ensure that teachers' knowledge and skills are at the required standard. This study identifies the relationship between effective professional development and vocational teacher competence and the elements of effective professional development that are the main predictors of vocational teacher competence. This study is a cross-sectional survey involving 137 school teachers selected through multi-level sampling in one of the states in Malaysia. The findings of the study show a significant positive relationship between effective professional development and the competence of vocational teachers. An extended analysis of the elements of effective professional development shows that the elements of active learning in the classroom, focus on teaching content, collective involvement and coherence are significant predictors of vocational teacher competence. The results of this study are important to the parties concerned, including school administrators, vocational teacher training providers, the Vocational Technical Education and Training Division (BPLTV), and vocational teachers in designing effective professional development programs that can increase the competence of vocational teachers to a standard set. This is in line with the government's policy planning to make the Teacher Professionalism Development Plan part of the method of improving the quality of teachers from the aspects of knowledge, skills, and professionalism.
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