Handling multi-grade teaching: It’s educational implication towards teachers’ competence


  • Joel D. Bua Ifugao State University Potia Campus, Philippines
  • Matronillo Del Mundo Martin Ifugao State University Potia Campus, Philippines


Multi-grade, Handling, Implication, Competence, Education


This study aimed at determining the educational implication of teaching multi-grade pupils towards teachers’ competence in Alfonso Lista, Ifugao. Descriptive research was utilized in this study anchored on the instructional practices while qualitative research was used in order to determine the interventions to improve the teachers’ competence in handling multi-grade pupils. The respondents of this study were 40 multi-grade teachers and school heads, combined, in Alfonso Lista District. Total enumeration was employed. Mann Whitney-u test was used in order to determine and analyze the significant difference between the teachers and school heads about the degree of seriousness encountered by the teachers in handling multi-grade classes. Based on the findings, it showed that teaching multi-grade classes with cooperative learning activities plays a vital role in the teaching-learning process. Also, the preparation of lesson plan and visual aids adversely affect the teaching performance of the teachers. In addition, overlapping activities contribute to the failure in the teaching-learning process. Generally, there is no significant difference between the teachers and the school heads in handling multi-grade pupils. Moreover, most of the problems encountered by the school heads and teachers as facilitators are moderate/minor. As regards these, teachers and school head work hand in hand to monitor the multi-grade classes. It is recommended that the teacher should introduce active learning and cooperative learning activities among pupils. The school administrator shall allocate fund for the provision of instructional materials and visual aids to be utilized in teaching multi-grade classes. To lessen problems in teaching multi-grade classes, the school head may initiate crafting school policy in handling multi-grade classes specifically in scheduling.  In addition, the school shall conduct trainings and workshop about teaching strategies in handling multi grade classes.



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How to Cite

Bua, J. D., & Martin, M. D. M. (2020). Handling multi-grade teaching: It’s educational implication towards teachers’ competence. Management Research Journal, 9(2), 1–12. Retrieved from https://ojs.upsi.edu.my/index.php/MRJ/article/view/3494