Analysis of Goal Scoring Period in Major European Football League Winners 2019/2020


  • Mohd Faridz Ahmad Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis Branch, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Danish Rosli Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis Branch, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Siti Jameelah Md Japilus Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis Branch, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Abdul Muiz Nor Azmi Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Sadzali Hassan Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjung Malim, Perak MALAYSIA



football, goals, first half, second half


One of the most watched football tournaments in the world is the European football league (e.g., La Liga, Bundesliga, Serie A, etc.). Football matches are divided into two halves. At the end of the game, the number of goals scored can be used to determine the winner. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze and compare the goals scored between the first half and second half period among the winners of each top European League 2019/2020 competition. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to evaluate a total of 406 goals from 175 games from the official website and YouTube highlights. Only Liverpool, England's Premier League, showed more goals in the first half, whereas the majority of the winners—Real Madrid, Spain's La Liga, Juventus, Italy's Serie A TIM, Bayern Munich, Germany's Bundesliga, and Paris Saint-German, France's Ligue 1 Uber Eats—scored more goals in the second half. The results indicated that there were significant differences in goals scored between the first and second half periods in La Liga and Serie A TIM, p < .05. In conclusion, Real Madrid and Juventus fully utilized the disadvantages of their opponents to score a goal to win a match and competition. As the time moves towards the end of the matches, the player’s fitness components, mental aspect, and team tactical become the crucial factors of team differentiation. This study recommends comparing goal scoring across several continents in the future.


Download data is not yet available.


Acar, M. F., Yapicioglu, B., Arikan, N., Yalcin, S., Ates, N., & Ergun, M. (2008). Analysis of goals scored in the 2006 World Cup. In Science and football VI (pp. 261–268). Routledge.

Ahmad, M. F., Puad, S. M. S. M., & Alauddin, A. N. M. (2020). Analysis of Goal Scoring in All Continents Soccer Tournament. Jurnal Intelek, 15(2), 146–153.

Alberti, G., Iaia, F., M., Arcelli, E., Cavaggioni, L. & Rampinini, E. (2013). Goal scoring patterns in major European soccer leagues. Sport Sci Health, 9, 151–153.

Anderson, C., & Sally, D. (2013). The Numbers Game: Why Everything You Know about Soccer is Wrong. Penguin Books.

Armatas, Vasilios, Yiannakos, A., Papadopoulou, S., & Skoufas, D. (2009). Evaluation of goals scored in top ranking soccer matches: Greek “Super League” 2006-07. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 3(1), 39–43.

Armatas, Vasilis, Yiannakos, A., & Sileloglou, P. (2007). Relationship between time and goal scoring in soccer games: Analysis of three World Cups. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 7(2), 48–58.

Bangsbo, J., Nørregaard, L. & Thorsø, F. (1991). Activity profile of competition soccer. Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences, 16(2):110-116.

Barros, R., M., L., Misuta, M., S., Menezes, R., P., Figueroa, P., J., Moura, F., A., Cunha, S., A., Anido, R. & Leite, N., J. (2007). Analysis of the distances covered by first division Brazilian soccer players obtained with an automatic tracking method. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6, 233-242.

Bianchi, G., P., Grossi, G. & Bargossi, A., M. (1997). May peripheral and central fatigue be correlated? Can we monitor them by means of clinical laboratory tools? The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 37(3):194-199.

Boone, J., Vaeyens, R., Steyaert, A., Vanden Bossche, L. & Bourgois, J. (2012). Physical fitness of elite Belgian soccer players by player position. J Strength Cond Res, 26(8), 2051–2057.

Bradley, P., S., Lago-Peñas, C. & Rey, E. (2014). Evaluation of the match performances of substitution players in elite soccer. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 9(3), 415-424.

Bradley, P., S., Lago-Peñas, C., Rey, E. & Diaz, A., G. (2013). The effect of high and low percentage ball possession on physical and technical profiles in English FA Premier League soccer matches, Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(12), 1261–1270.

Brito, J., Krustrup, P., & Rebelo, A. (2012). The influence of the playing surface on the exercise intensity of small-sided recreational soccer games. Human Movement Science, 31(4), 946–956.

Cachay, K., & Thiel, A. (2000). Soziologie des Sports. München: Juventa-Verlag.

Collet, C. (2013). The possession game? A comparative analysis of ball retention and team success in European and international football, 2007-2010. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(2), 123-136.

Durlik, K. & Bieniek, P. (2014). Analysis of goals and assists diversity in English Premier League. Journal of Health Sciences. 4(5), 47-56.

Ferguson, A. (1999). Managing My Life. UK: Hodder and Stoughton Ltd

Gyarmati, L., Kwak, H., and Rodriguez, P. (2014). “Searching for a unique style in soccer,” in Proceedings of the 2014 KDD Workshop on Large-Scale Sports Analytics. arXiv: 1409.0308.

Hoff, J. & Helgerud, J. (2004). Endurance and Strength Training for Soccer Players: Physiological Considerations. Sports Med, 34(3), 165-180.

Hoppe, M., W., Baumgart, C., Slomka, M., Polglaze, T. & Freiwald, J. (2017). Variability of Metabolic Power Data in Elite Soccer Players during Pre-Season Matches. Journal of Human Kinetics, 58, 233-245.

Hughes, M., & Churchill, S. (2005). Attacking profiles of successful and unsuccessful teams in Copa America 2001. Science and Football V: The Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress on Science and Football, 23(2), 222–228.

Hughes, M., & Franks, I. (2005). Analysis of passing sequences, shots and goals in soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(5), 509–514.

Hughes, M., Caudrelier, T., James, N., Redwood-Brown, A., Donnelly, I., Kirkbride, A., & Duschesne, C. (2012). Moneyball and soccer - An analysis of the key performance indicators of elite male soccer players by position. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(Special Issue.2), 402-412.

Jamil, M., McErlain-Naylor, S. A., & Beato, M. (2020). Investigating the impact of the mid-season winter break on technical performance levels across European football – Does a break in play affect team momentum? International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 20(3), 406–419.

Jones, P., James, N. & Mellalieu, S. (2004). Possession as a performance indicator in soccer. Int J Perform Anal Sport, 4, 98-102.

Kempe, M., Vogelbein, M., Memmert, D. & Nopp, S. (2014). Possession vs. Direct Play: Evaluating Tactical Behavior in Elite Soccer. International Journal of Sports Science, 4(6A): 35-41.

Krustrup, P. & Bangsbo, J. (2001). Physiological demands of top-class soccer refereeing in relation to physical capacity: Effect of intense intermittent exercise training. J Sport Sci, 19, 881–891.

Krustrup, P., Mohr, M., Amstrup, T., Rysgaard, T., Johansen, J., Steensberg, A., Pedersen, P., K. & Bangsbo, J. (2003). The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test: Physiological response, reliability, and validity. Med Sci Sport Exerc, 35, 697–705.

Krustrup, P., Mohr, M., Ellingsgaard, H. & Bangsbo, J. (2005). Physical demands during an elite female soccer game: Importance of training status. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 37, 1242–1248.

Kunz, M. (2007). 265 million playing football. FIFA Magazine, 7, 11–15.

Lago-Peñas, C., Lago-Ballesteros, J., Dellal, A., & Gómez, M. (2010). Game-related statistics that discriminated winning, drawing and losing teams from the Spanish soccer league. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9(2), 288-293.

Lastella, M.., Lovell, G., P., & Rampinini, E. (2018). Evaluation of Goal Scoring Patterns between the 2016 Copa America and the 2016 European Championship. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 9(1), e59960.

Lima, E., M., R., Tertuliano, I., W. & Fischer, C., N. (2021). The influence of ball possession, passes and shots on target in winning premier league football matches. Research, Society and Development, 10(8), 1-10.

Liu, H., Gómez, M. A., Gonçalves, B., & Sampaio, J. (2016). Technical performance and match-to-match variation in elite football teams. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(6), 509-518.

Liu, H., Yi, Q., Giménez, J. V., Gómez, M. A., & Lago-Peñas, C. (2015). Performance profiles of football teams in the UEFA champions league considering situational efficiency. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 15(1), 371-390.

Mal, B. (1982). Scoring ability in football. SNIPES Journal, 5(2), 19–23.

Mohr, M., Krustrup, P. & Bangsbo, J. (2003). Match performance of high standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sports Sci, 21, 519–528.

Mohr, M., Krustrup, P. & Bangsbo, J. (2005). Fatigue in soccer: A brief review. J Sport Sci, 23, 593–599.

Mombaerts, E. (2000). Fútbol: del análisis del juego a la formación del jugador. Barcelona, Inde

Muhammad, S., Norasrudin, S. & Rahmat, A. (2013). Differences in Goal Scoring and Passing Sequences between Winning and Losing Team in UEFA-EURO Championship 2012. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic and Management Engineering, 7(2), 224-229.

Njororai, W. (2014). Timing of goals scored in selected European and South American soccer leagues, FIFA and UEFA Tournaments and the critical phases of a match. International Journal of Sports Science, 4(6A), 56–64.

Oberstone, J. (2009). Differentiating the Top English Premier League Football Clubs from the Rest of the Pack: Identifying the Keys to Success. Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports. 5(3), Article 10.

Papadopoulos, S., Papadimitriou, K., Konstantinidou, X., Matsouka, O., Pafis, G., Papadopoulos, D. 2021. Factors Leading to Goal Scoring in the Spanish and Italian Soccer Leagues, Sport Mont 19 (2021) 1: 13–18.

Pawlowski, T., Breuer, C., and Hovemann, A. (2010). Top clubs’ performance and the competitive situation in European domestic football competitions. J. Sports Econ. 11, 186–202.

Pratas, J., M., Volossovitch, A. & Carita, A., I (2018). Analysis of Scoring Sequences in Matches of the Portuguese Premier League, Journal of Human Kinetics volume 64/2018, 255-263.

Rahnama N, Reilly T, Lees A. Does muscle performance changes during a soccer game. Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters. 2004; 9:113-116.

Reep, C. & Benjamin, B. (1968). Skill and Chance in association football. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 131(4), 581-585

Reilly, T. (2003). Motion analysis and physiological demands. In: Reilly T, Williams AM (eds). Science and Soccer. London: Routledge, 59 – 72.

Reilly, T., Drust, B. & Clarke, N. (2008). Muscle fatigue during football match-play. Sports Med. 38(5), 357-367.

Rienzi, E., Drust, B., Reilly, T., Carter, J., E., L. & Martin, A. (2000). Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 40(2), 162-169.

Russell, M., Benton, D. & Kingsley, M. (2014). Carbohydrate Ingestion Before and During Soccer Match Play and Blood Glucose and Lactate Concentrations. Journal of Athletic Training, 49(4), 447–453.

Sapp, R. M., Spangenburg, E. E., and Hagberg, J. M. (2018). Trends in aggressive play and refereeing among the top five European soccer leagues. J. Sports Sci. 36, 1346–1354.

Sarmento, H., Pereira, A., Matos, N., Campaniço, J., Anguera, T. M., and Leitão, J. (2013). English Premier League, Spain’s La Liga and Italy’s Serie A – What’s different? Int. J. Perform. Anal. Sport 13, 773–789.

Spencer, M., K. & Katz, A. (1991). Role of glycogen in control of glycolysis and IMP formation in human muscle during exercise. Am J Physiol. 260(6 Pt 1), E859-864.

Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C. & Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of Soccer: An Update. Sports Med, 35(6), 501-536.

Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C. & Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of Soccer: An Update. Sports Med, 35(6), 501-536.

Tenga, A., Holme, I., Ronglan, L. T., & Bahr, R. (2010). Effect of playing tactics on achieving score-box possessions in a random series of team possessions from Norwegian professional soccer matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 245–255.

Turner, A. N., & Stewart, P. F. (2014). Strength and conditioning for soccer players. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 36(4), 1–13.

UEFA (2021). Country coefficients | UEFA Coefficients. Retrieved September 20, 2021, from

Weineck J. Futebol total: o treinamento físico no futebol. Phorte Editora, São Paulo, 2000.

Wilmore J, Costill D. Fisiologia do esporte e do exercício. Edn 2, Manoele, São Paulo, 2001.

Winder, N., Russell, M., Naughton, R., J. & Harper, L., D. (2018). The Impact of 120 Minutes of Match-Play on Recovery and Subsequent Match Performance: A Case Report in Professional Soccer Players. Sports, 6(22), 1-8.

Wright, C., Atkins, S., Polman, R., Jones, B. & Sargeson, L. (2011). Factors associated with goals and goal scoring opportunities in professional soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11, 438-449.

Yiannakos, A., & Armatas, V. (2006). Evaluation of the goal scoring patterns in European Championship in Portugal 2004. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 6(1), 178–188.

Zhou, C., Zhang, S., Lorenzo Calvo, A., & Cui, Y. (2018). Chinese soccer association super league, 2012-2017: key performance indicators in balance games. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 18(4), 645-656.



How to Cite

Ahmad, M. F., Rosli, D., Md Japilus, S. J., Nor Azmi, A. M., & Hassan, N. S. (2022). Analysis of Goal Scoring Period in Major European Football League Winners 2019/2020 . Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 11, 72–81.