Validity and Reliability of Handball Cognitive Assessment Instrument for Year 4: Use of Rasch Model

  • Uthaya Chanthira Kumar Muniandy Faculty of Education, University of Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Hutkemri Zulnaidi Faculty of Education, University of Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Siti Hajar Halili Faculty of Education, University of Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Keywords: validity, reliability, cognitive, instrument, Rasch model


The Handball Cognitive Assessment instrument for the Year 4 Physical Education (PE) subject is developed with the aim to assess the capabilities of the cognitive domain for the category of handball attack-play in regard to knowledge and understanding.  In ensuring the instrument developed is dependable and suitable for use, this study was conducted to analyze and investigate empirical evidence on the validity and reliability of the instrument by using the Rasch analysis model. The Handball Cognitive Assessment instrument consists of twenty-five items that have been piloted by 51 Year 5 primary school students. The WINSTEPS programme was utilized to conduct the Rasch model analysis to obtain the validity and reliability of the instrument. The test of unidimensionality for the twenty-five items has a measured variance of 25.4% and all items exceeded the minimum of 20.0% as required by the Rasch model. The reliability index of the items is 0.83 and the reliability index of the respondents is 0.54. All the items have a positive correlation with PMC (PT-MEASURE CORR) and the item polarity shows that there is no discrepancy between the items for the constructs measured. The Outfit-MNSQ value shows a value that is less or equal to 1.5 logit which is defined as productive. However, for items 6, 8, and 14, although the Outfit-MNSQ value exceeds 1.5, it did not diverge too far when compared to the pilot study. These items were scrutinized again, and the validity is revalidated. The findings of this study prove that the Handball Cognitive Assessment is able to be utilized as an assessment instrument for the cognitive domain of PE specifically the Handball activity for Year 4 primary school students as it has proper validity and reliability that is accurate and can be implemented empirically.


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How to Cite
Muniandy, U. C. K., Zulnaidi, H., & Halili, S. H. (2022). Validity and Reliability of Handball Cognitive Assessment Instrument for Year 4: Use of Rasch Model. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 11(1), 45-57.