The Influence of the Coach’s Perceived Leadership Style and Behavior on Athletes’ Aggression and Well-being

  • Jia Xin Kho Faculty of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Ching Sin Siau Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Vimala Govindasamy Faculty of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Ho Meng Chuan Faculty of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Keywords: coach, leadership styles, athletes, aggression, wellbeing

Abstract

Coaches play an important role in developing athletes in terms of skills, techniques and performance. Coaches differ      in the way they lead and train the athletes, and yet there is a lack of study in Malaysia which investigates the significance of these coach characteristics on the mental health of athletes. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of coach’s perceived leadership style and behavior on the level of young athletes’ aggression and well-being. This cross-sectional study targeted young athletes aged between 14-35 years old. Apart from demographic information, the following questionnaires were used: Leadership Scale for Sports, Aggression Scale, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. A total of 150 participants responded to the pen-and-paper survey (75 children and 75 adults). Two multiple regression models were fitted. The results showed that aggression was significantly predicted by well-being (β=-0.194, p=0.016) and depression (β=-0.335, p<0.001); training and instruction (β=0.345, p=0.003) and aggression (β=-0.234, p=0.002) significantly predicted well-being. The implications of this study were that coaches should be made aware that their leadership and behavior may have an influence on the well-being of the athletes. Coaches should be enhanced in their ability to provide training and instruction behavior when conducting their training activities to improve athletes’ skills, techniques and tactics.

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Published
2022-02-16
How to Cite
Kho, J. X., Siau, C. S., Govindasamy, V., & Meng Chuan, H. (2022). The Influence of the Coach’s Perceived Leadership Style and Behavior on Athletes’ Aggression and Well-being. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 11(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsspj.vol11.1.1.2022