Mediating Effect of Technological Enablement on Entrepreneurial Adoption among Students in Higher Education: A Confirmatory Analysis of Technological Enablement Entrepreneurial Model (TEEM)


  • Kay Hooi Keoy Institution of Computer Science and Digital Innovation, UCSI University, MALAYSIA
  • Yung Jing Koh Institution of Computer Science and Digital Innovation, UCSI University, MALAYSIA
  • Su Mon Chit Institution of Computer Science and Digital Innovation, UCSI University, MALAYSIA
  • Choon Ling Kwek Faculty of Accountancy, Finance and Business, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, MALAYSIA
  • Japos Genaro School of Graduate Studies, North Eastern Mindanao State University, PHILIPPINES
  • Luqman Lee Institution of Computer Science and Digital Innovation, UCSI University, MALAYSIA
  • Chee Ling Thong Institution of Computer Science and Digital Innovation, UCSI University, MALAYSIA



Entrepreneurial Education System, Entrepreneurial Intention, Entrepreneurial Initiation, Entrepreneurial Perceived Outcome, Technology Enablement


With the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, students at higher education institutions have recently relied greatly on technological support for their studies and remote support from their universities. Technological enablement is a major determinant of entrepreneurial initiation among higher education students in Malaysia. Empirical studies demonstrate the growing interest in investigating the impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial success among the country’s higher education students. The focus areas include how governmental support, entrepreneurial intention, entrepreneurial education, and technological enablement (mediator factor) can influence entrepreneurial initiation. Therefore, this study aims to determine the factors that affect entrepreneurial initiation (action) among graduating students and the mediating effect of technological enablement on entrepreneurial adoption among students at higher education institutions in Malaysia. The study used Google Form to obtain information related to the topic. Data collection from 297 students in Peninsular Malaysia was voluntary and based on informed consent and anonymity. PLS-SEM (partial least squares structural equation modeling) with a formative-reflective model was adopted to assess the direct and indirect effects alongside the mediating factor. Hence, Smart PLS software was adopted for data analysis. Empirical results also proved that technological enablement as a mediating factor has a greater and significant impact on perceived entrepreneurial success. The results empirically demonstrate that the technological enablement factor has a major impact and influence when students at higher education institutions start businesses. Through such findings, policymakers at the institutional level will be able to identify and deliver the technological support and initiatives necessary to achieve a higher rate of entrepreneurial adoption success.


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How to Cite

Keoy, K. H., Koh, Y. J., Chit, S. M., Kwek, C. L., Genaro, J., Lee, L., & Thong, C. L. (2022). Mediating Effect of Technological Enablement on Entrepreneurial Adoption among Students in Higher Education: A Confirmatory Analysis of Technological Enablement Entrepreneurial Model (TEEM). International Business Education Journal, 15(1), 73–94.