Indigenizing and contextualizing the use of cooperative learning strategies

  • Reynaldo B. Inocian Institute for Research in Innovative Instructional Delivery (IRIID), Cebu Normal University, Cebu City, Philippines, 6000
  • Leilani C. Dapat Institute for Research in Innovative Instructional Delivery (IRIID), Cebu Normal University, Cebu City, Philippines, 6000
  • Genara B. Pacaña Institute for Research in Innovative Instructional Delivery (IRIID), Cebu Normal University, Cebu City, Philippines, 6000
  • Gerome M. Lasala Cebu Normal University Museum, Cebu Normal University, Cebu City, Philippines, 6000
Keywords: Localization, contextualization, indigenizing, TAYTU Model of CL, CRP


Exploring the indigenous Cebuano cultural practices contextualizes a culture-based Cooperative Learning (CL) strategy. The study explored the socio-cultural background of Cebuano cooperation as reflected in the communal practices of the tagay, alayon, yayong, tambayayong, and unong (TAYTU); the process of localized cooperative learning strategies contextualized in the TAYTU; designing lesson exemplars in the TAYTU way. This qualitative study used a directive content analysis design using relevant research findings and initial codes that serve as bases of future projections, as a form of trend studies in CL strategies. The exploratory design was used to provide visualization of TAYTU exemplars. FGDs were conducted among the 60 research participants: alayon farmers (20), tambayayong fishermen (20) and male-drinkers (20), using enumeration sampling and inclusion criteria to establish the socio-cultural background of the study. The indigenous identities of the Cebuano cultural practices bridge a potential exploration of the localized and contextualized CL strategies in realizing the noble aim of malasakit in the Philippines’ AmBisyon Natin 2040. Catharsis in tagay; togetherness and unity of command in alayon; sensibility and sensitivity in yayong; sharing of extreme emotions in tambayayong; and intimacy and solidarity in unong featured a socio-cultural background necessitated in the crafting of the TAYTU Models of CL Teaching exemplars.


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How to Cite
B. Inocian, R., C. Dapat, L., B. Pacaña, G., & M. Lasala, G. (2019). Indigenizing and contextualizing the use of cooperative learning strategies. Journal of Research, Policy & Practice of Teachers & Teacher Education (JRPPTTE), 9(2), 1-18. Retrieved from